DONGSEON_KIM/iStock(LOS ANGELES) — Teachers in the nation’s second-largest school district have announced they’re going on strike Monday.United Teachers Los Angeles said negotiations have stalled and that the union didn’t receive a new contract proposal over the weekend. This comes after the strike was delayed from Jan. 10 because of a potential court intervention.“We’re in the battle for the soul of public education,” said UTLA President Alex Caputo-Pearl. “Now is the moment for action.”Schools will remain open during the strike, according to the Los Angeles Unified School District.“Elementary, middle and high schools will be open, instruction will continue, and meals will be served tomorrow and throughout the UTLA strike,” the LAUSD said in a statement Sunday. “Early education centers will only be open to special-needs students and state preschool sites will be closed.”The striking educators said they want to remedy classes that often have 40-plus students, a lack of counselors and nurses to support students, closed libraries and crumbling classrooms.Union members told ABC News they’ll strike “for as long as it takes.”Hiring subs is seen as “irresponsible” by the union, which asked parents to keep students home or join in the protest.The latest offer from the district, according to the LAUSD, includes adding nearly 1,200 teachers, counselors, nurses and librarians, as well as capping class sizes at 32 to 39 students, depending on the course.The district also offered a 6 percent raise over the first two years of a three-year contract. The teachers have asked for 6.5 percent, retroactive to the 2017 fiscal year, and said that the district’s insistence on some proposals’ expiring after a year is disrespectful.“We have not had an honest bargaining partner,” Arlene Inouye, UTLA’s secretary, told ABC News.Victoria Costas, a mother and teacher, said there are 46 students in her daughter’s math class.“Classes are far too large to ever get individualized attention,” she said. “Tomorrow I will be out there fighting with my daughter.”Another teacher, Erika Jones, said that 85 percent of the district’s schools don’t have a full-time nurse.A tweet from the district’s account said a work stoppage would “harm the students, families and communities we serve.”A strike will harm the students, families and communities we serve, and we have a responsibility to resolve the situation without a strike.— L.A. Unified (@LASchools) January 12, 2019Inouye, the union secretary, said in order to reach any kind of common ground with district leadership, “we need a place to start from.”Union supporters said they expect most of its approximately 35,000 members to join in the strike.“This is a fight worth the sacrifice,” Inouye said. Copyright © 2019, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.
BILDBlog catches Bild out… It draws up from the vault nine bits of speculation about the future of Jürgen Klinsmann, all from the pages of the German tabloid.Apparently he was going to go to one of:ChelseaLiverpool TottenhamLA Galaxy England national teamUSA national teamMexico national teamGermany national teamAustralia national teamHe went to Bayern Munich. Hmm. Cherwell 24 is not responsible for the content of external links
The on-campus portions of the Notre Dame Scholars’ Visit (NDSV) have been cancelled as a precaution against COVID-19, the University’s Scholars’ Program and the Office of Undergraduate Admissions announced in a press release Tuesday.NDSV, an annual event that brings students being considered for merit scholarships to campus, was set to take place March 21-24. According to the release, interviews for program finalists will now take place online or over the phone March 21 and 22.All travel arrangements for the event have been cancelled. Finalists should monitor their emails for new announcements and instructions regarding the program over the next week, the University said in the release.“We recognize this announcement brings disappointment,” the release said. “The Notre Dame Scholars’ Program and Undergraduate Admissions teams are ready to speak with anyone who has questions or concerns.”The University issues all coronavirus-related updates on its response website.Tags: coronavirus, COVID-19, notre dame scholars program, notre dame scholars visit, Office of Undergraduate Admissions
By Brad HaireUniversity of GeorgiaWhen they do what they do best, they can help farmers raise healthier crops. But at the same time, they could be doing harm. Most of the ones you see are probably aliens. But one thing’s for sure, they’re great fish bait.Earthworms are among the most important animals that live in soils, says Paul Hendrix, a crop and soil sciences and ecology professor with the University of Georgia College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences.Soil eatersAs earthworms munch through the soil, they aerate it and leave behind fertile droppings. “Soils with a lot of earthworms crawling around are generally considered good for agricultural systems,” Hendrix said.The most familiar earthworms are 8 to 10 inches long. But earthworms aren’t all alike, he said.There are 3,500 earthworm species in the world. North America is home to about 150. Of these, about 45 are exotic, European species introduced on purpose or by accident by colonial settlers. The earthworms probably tagged along in soils used to ballast ships or carry plants.New digsThese subterranean immigrants, much like the immigrants that brought them, found this new world welcoming.It appears, Hendrix said, that the dominant nonnatives have replaced most of the native species in the developed parts of United States. Most earthworms found in lawns, the woods near homes or in fields are exotics.Most native species don’t like the way humans tend to disturb the soils where they live and work. But the exotics don’t mind at all.”These earthworms really thrive in human-modified environments all over the world,” he said.InvadersMost of the European species — again, like the Europeans who brought them — are naturalized citizens by now. But that doesn’t mean they’re safe.Are they doing any unseen harm to the U.S. environment? And, if other foreign species are introduced, could they cause harm in the future?It’s happened in the past. An animal, plant, bug or fungus that’s harmless in its native land can bring disease or other problems to another country. And with the new global economy forcing countries into more direct contact, damaging exotic earthworm invasions are even more likely.For example, scientists believe earthworms can carry foot-and-mouth disease, a devastating livestock disease. And the voracious appetites and burrowing habits of foreign earthworms have thinned forest leaf litter in areas of Minnesota, threatening plants that depend on the leaf litter.The U.S. Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service is considering guidelines to regulate the introduction of exotic earthworms into the United States.Hendrix is one of a handful of scientists studying the characteristics of exotic earthworms in America, the geographic extent of their invasions, how they do it and what damage or benefit they could provide below- and aboveground.He’s studying earthworms in Florida, North Carolina and Oregon. He published an article about the possible ecological and policy implications of exotic earthworm invasions in the September 2002 issue of “BioScience.”
Senate OKs Leahys AmendmentTo Delay Border-Crossing Requirements,As Leahy Also Beats Back BidTo Curb 1st Responder Grants To Smaller States Leahy says the lack of sufficientcoordination on the Pass Card (or Passport Card) system betweenDHS and State, and between the Bush Administration and the Government ofCanada, spells trouble for the system. This has been shaping up asa bureaucratic nightmare that could clog our borders while making us even lesssecure, said Leahy. We need to prod these agencies to cometo grips with these problems and fix them beforehand, not afterward. In the home stretch to the bills Senate passage Thursday evening,Leahy successfully led the effort to beat back an attempt to weaken the fundingformula he authored for first-responder grants his all-state minimumformula that has brought more than $65 million to Vermont in the last fouryears. The Leahy grant formula, which he included in the USA PATRIOT Act of2001, assures that Vermont and other states receive basic grants for their firstresponder agencies the police, fire and rescue departments that areresponsible for homeland security and emergency preparedness. The bid toweaken the Leahy formula lost in a vote of 34 to 66. The certification requirements in LeahysWHTI amendment require the two departments to:1. Ensure that thetechnology for any Passport Card meets certain security standards andthat DHS and State agree on that technology.2. Share the technologywith the governments of Canada and Mexico.3. Justify the fee setfor the Passport Card. 4. Develop analternative procedure for groups of children traveling across the border underadult supervision with parental consent. WASHINGTON (Thursday, July 13) Vermont Thursday scored twosignificant policy wins engineered by Sen. Patrick Leahy as the U.S. Senate passedthe annual homeland security budget bill. Install all necessary technological infrastructure at the ports of entry to process the cards and train U.S. agents at the border crossings in all aspects of the new technology. 6. Make the PassportCard available for international land and sea travel between the United States and Canada, Mexico, or the Caribbean and Bermuda.7. Establish a unified implementationdate for all sea and land borders. The bill also includes Leahys legislation to postpone andimprove implementation of the controversial Pass Card system for bordercrossings, which will require new identity cards and methods for crossing U.S. borders, including the Northern Border with Canada. Leahy and Sen. Ted Stevens (R-Alaska) earlier had added tothe bill their amendment to delay implementation of the Pass Card system part of the Western Hemisphere Travel Initiative (WHTI) — for 17 months, untilJune 1, 2009, and to require the Secretary of Homeland Security and theSecretary of State to certify to Congress that several standards are met beforethe program moves forward. Leahy is a senior member of the Appropriations Committee and of itsHomeland Security Subcommittee, which handled the Senates work indrafting the annual appropriations bill for the Department of HomelandSecurity. The bill now goes to conference with the House version of thebill, which does not include Leahys WHTI amendment but which does alsomaintain the Leahy formula for first-responder grants. # # # # #
By Steven McLoud/Diálogo May 06, 2020 General Vladimir Padrino, the Venezuelan minister of Defense, is worth millions of dollars according to a new report published on April 10, 2020, by the Organized Crime and Corruption Reporting Project (OCCRP).Hernan Akhnanton Noguera, another high-ranking general in the Nicolás Maduro regime, is also reported to make millions. Yet both of these generals “officially” make no more than $8 to $9 a month. And they’re not the only ones.According to the OCCRP, there are at least 84 generals in the Venezuelan Army who work with private or public companies that are listed in the National Contractor Registry. This registry is a database with information about Venezuelan government contractors. Of the 84 generals mentioned in the OCCRP report, 35 of them sit on the boards of private companies throughout Venezuela and other countries, including the United States.Through their investigation, the OCCRP has revealed that Maduro has been doling out lucrative state contracts to these generals in return for their loyalty as the country itself continues to deteriorate politically and economically.These contracts are in the construction, food, transportation and oil sectors, in addition to other areas such as advertising, healthcare equipment, and tourism. Yet the report states that “under the Venezuelan Constitution and the country’s anti-corruption law, it is illegal for public officials to use their office for personal benefit, either directly or through a third party. That includes capitalizing on personal connections to win state contracts.” Origins of civil-military alliance The military’s involvement in Venezuela’s economy began more than 20 years ago when Hugo Chávez was elected president in 1998.Upon his election, Chávez instituted a new “civil-military” alliance called the “Plan Bolívar”, which according to the U.S. Department of State, involved around 40,000 Venezuelan soldiers taking part in several public projects in poverty stricken areas to provide mass vaccinations, food distribution, education, and infrastructure repair.In 2002, the program was cancelled following reports of corruption against generals involved in the $114 million plan, alleging that significant amounts of money had been diverted.When Maduro took over in 2013 after Chávez’s death, the OCCRP report states that he expanded the military’s role in civilian life even further. According to the report, “as of 2018, active or retired officers comprise seven out of 23 state governors, along with nine heads of government ministries. Officers also ran at least 60 state companies.”Because of the sanctions placed by the United States, along with the economic collapse and hyperinflation of the Venezuelan economy, the meager salaries for military officers across the board have forced them to seek alternate revenue streams, says a study by the Center for Economic and Policy Research, a Washington, D.C.-based think tank.Another revenue stream that officers and military hierarchy have been linked to includes the more lucrative business of drug trafficking, so much so that the U.S. has labeled Venezuela as a “narco-state” with the upper echelons of the Maduro regime, including Maduro himself — accused of running a narcotrafficking ring known as the “Cartel of the Suns.”On March 26, U.S. officials indicted Maduro and 14 members of his inner circle, including Padrino, with several charges including narco-terrorism, drug trafficking, money laundering, and corruption.U.S officials, along with government and private sector analysts alike, believe that one of the primary reasons that the Venezuelan military and top government officials have not challenged or undermined the regime is because they continue to reap financial rewards, even as the country has spiraled into endemic corruption and extreme poverty.
Sign up for our COVID-19 newsletter to stay up-to-date on the latest coronavirus news throughout New York Suffolk County police are searching for an armed assailant who shot a teenager in Copiague early Saturday morning, police said. The 14-year-old male victim was standing outside a residence on West Prospect Street at 1:10 a.m. when he was shot in the leg by an unknown suspect, police said. The teen, who was not identified, was transported to Good Samaritan Hospital Medical Center in West Islip, where he was treated and released, police said. The investigation is continuing, police said. Detectives ask anyone who may have witnessed the shooting to contact the First Squad at 631-854-8152 or call Crime Stoppers at 1-800-220-TIPS.
continue reading » 21SHARESShareShareSharePrintMailGooglePinterestDiggRedditStumbleuponDeliciousBufferTumblr The second credit-card breach in three years at Kmart has once again forced credit unions, and other financial institutions, to deal with the repercussions of potential fraud involving their accountholders.In the first of two-articles, security experts provide their take on the ramifications of card breaches on credit unions and businesses.Sears Holdings, the parent company of Kmart, confirmed it experienced another malware-based data breach of its card processing systems. The company did not reveal how many of its 735 Kmart locations saw signs of a breach, but said it did not affect online purchases.“Our Kmart store payment data systems were infected with a form of malicious code that was undetectable by current anti-virus systems and application controls,” Howard Riefs, a spokesman for Sears Holding, said in a statement. “Once aware of the new malicious code, we quickly removed it and contained the event. We are confident that our customers can safely use their credit and debit cards in our retail stores.”
ShareShareSharePrintMailGooglePinterestDiggRedditStumbleuponDeliciousBufferTumblr continue reading » According to economists, a recession is looming. In a recent survey by the National Association for Business Economics, 74% of economists who responded expect a recession by the end of 2021.Historically low levels of losses have allowed reserve levels to go below pre-financial crisis levels. Charge offs were close to zero for most banks since 2013, according to call report data from S&P Market Intelligence. So the question remains: would they hold up against a recession? Stress testing gives an institution a serious look into their capital and reserves, and if they possess enough of each to remain viable, should a recession hit. It also provides guidance for the impact of the new accounting standard, Current Expected Credit Losses (CECL), on the portfolio. The impending implementation of CECL is forcing institutions to perform economic forecasts, as opposed to the current allowance for loan and lease losses (ALLL) model which focuses on previously incurred losses, to have a more holistic and accurate depiction of risk. It takes into account the entire life of a loan instead of just looking a few years down the road.Both CECL and stress testing take top-down and bottom-up approaches to test the capital adequacy of a financial institution. However, it is important to determine which method is right for your institution. In a recent Abrigo webinar, CEIS Review’s Dean Giglio and David Vest and Abrigo’s Tim McPeak discussed the pros and cons of each approach in both CECL implementation and stress testing.
President-elect Joseph R. Biden Jr. made remarks on his plan to fight Covid-19 and build back the economy.CreditCredit…Amr Alfiky/The New York TimesPresident-elect Joseph R. Biden Jr. named Dr. Rick Bright, a former top vaccine official in the Trump administration who submitted a whistle-blower complaint to Congress, as a member of a Covid-19 panel to advise him during the transition, officials announced Monday.Dr. Bright, who was ousted as the head of a federal medical research agency, told lawmakers that officials in the government had failed to heed his warnings about acquiring masks and other supplies. He said that Americans died from the virus because of the Trump administration’s failure to act.- Advertisement – On Wall Street, the S&P 500 rose more than 3 percent in early trading before falling back as the day went on. A gain of more than 2 percent for the day would leave it above its Sept. 2 closing record of 3,580.84. Ben Carson, the secretary of housing and urban development, has tested positive for the coronavirus, a spokesman said on Monday.Credit…Anna Moneymaker for The New York Times “Secretary Carson has tested positive for the coronavirus. He is in good spirits and feels fortunate to have access to effective therapeutics which aid and markedly speed his recovery,” said Coalter Baker, the agency’s deputy chief of staff, in an email.Mr. Carson, a neurosurgeon who ran unsuccessfully for the Republican presidential nomination in 2016, has defended Mr. Trump’s response to the virus.Mr. Trump’s chief of staff, Mark Meadows, tested positive last week. Five other White House aides and a Trump campaign adviser also tested positive for the virus in the days before and after Election Day, people familiar with the diagnoses told The Times on Friday.- Advertisement – transcriptBack Video TAIPEI, Taiwan — A virtual meeting of the World Health Organization that will largely focus on the global response to the coronavirus pandemic began Monday, involving representatives from more than 190 countries.Noticeably absent was a place that has won international praise for its success in controlling a virus that has sickened more than 50 million people and killed more than 1.2 million around the world: Taiwan.As of Monday, Taiwan had not yet received an invitation to join the World Health Assembly meeting, which will end on Saturday, according to a spokeswoman for Taiwan’s foreign ministry, despite a multilateral effort led by the United States to support the island’s bid for observer status.The self-governed island, which Beijing claims as its own territory, had observer status until 2016. That changed when Taiwan elected President Tsai Ing-wen, who is loathed by the Chinese Communist Party. Since then, Beijing has repeatedly blocked Taiwan’s efforts to participate in the assembly.Joanne Ou, spokeswoman for Taiwan’s foreign ministry, said in a statement that excluding Taiwan “not only ignores the health rights of the Taiwanese people, but is also very ironic considering the lofty goal of ‘health for all’ that is outlined in the W.H.O.’s charter.” Since December, Taiwan, which has a population of 23 million, has had only 578 cases and 7 deaths from the virus.The W.H.O. has previously been criticized for its excessive praise of the Chinese government in the early days of the pandemic and for ceding control to China in the crucial search for the animal origin of the coronavirus.Among the agency’s most vocal critics is President Trump, who earlier announced that the United States would withdraw from it. President-elect Joseph R. Biden Jr. has said he would restore U.S. membership in the organization. The drug maker Pfizer announced on Monday that an early analysis of its coronavirus vaccine trial suggested the vaccine was robustly effective in preventing Covid-19, a promising development as the world has waited anxiously for any positive news about a pandemic that has killed more than 1.2 million people.Pfizer, which developed the vaccine with the German drug maker BioNTech, released only sparse details from its clinical trial, based on the first formal review of the data by an outside panel of experts.Pfizer said that the analysis found that the vaccine was more than 90 percent effective in preventing the disease among trial volunteers who had no evidence of prior coronavirus infection. If the results hold up, that level of protection would put it on par with highly effective childhood vaccines for diseases such as measles. No serious safety concerns have been observed, the company said.Pfizer plans to ask the Food and Drug Administration for emergency authorization of the two-dose vaccine later this month, after it has collected the recommended two months of safety data. By the end of the year it will have manufactured enough doses to immunize 15 to 20 million people, company executives have said.Independent scientists have cautioned against hyping early results before long-term safety and efficacy data has been collected. Still, Pfizer is the first company to announce positive results from a late-stage vaccine trial.Eleven vaccines are in late-stage trials, including four in the United States. Pfizer’s progress could bode well for Moderna’s vaccine, which uses similar technology. The news comes just days after Joseph R. Biden Jr. clinched a victory over President Trump in the presidential election. Mr. Trump had repeatedly hinted a vaccine would be ready before Election Day, Nov. 3. This fall, Pfizer’s chief executive, Dr. Albert Bourla, frequently claimed that the company could have a “readout” by October, something that did not come to pass.Both President Trump and President-elect Biden hailed the news on Monday.Operation Warp Speed, the federal effort to rush a vaccine to market, has promised Pfizer $1.95 billion to deliver 100 million doses to the federal government, which will be given to Americans free of charge. But in an interview, Kathrin Jansen, a senior vice president and the head of vaccine research and development at Pfizer, sought to distance the company from Operation Warp Speed and presidential politics, noting that the company — unlike the other vaccine front-runners — did not take any federal money to help pay for research and development.She said she learned of the results from the outside panel of experts shortly after 1 p.m. on Sunday, and that the timing was not influenced by the election. “We have always said that science is driving how we conduct ourselves — no politics,” she said.The data released by Pfizer Monday was delivered in a news release, not a peer-reviewed medical journal. It is not conclusive evidence that the vaccine is safe and effective, and the initial finding of more than 90 percent efficacy could change as the trial goes on. Pfizer’s headquarters in New York.Credit…Jeenah Moon/Getty Images Unfortunately we’re also dealing with an immense challenge this morning because we see the presence of the coronavirus in the city and it’s trying to reassert itself. And we have to do everything in our power while we’re waiting for that help from the federal government to finally come, we need to do everything in our power to stop the coronavirus from reasserting in New York City. We have to stop a second wave from happening here. It is getting dangerously close. I’ve been telling you for weeks that we had the ability to stop a second wave. And for weeks, actually, our numbers were higher than we wanted, but they had leveled off. Now, unfortunately, we’re seeing a real growth in the positivity rate in the city. And that is dangerous. So we have one last chance to stop a second wave. It’s as simple as this. This is my message to all New Yorkers today: We can stop a second wave if we act immediately. But we have one last chance. So the more that people wear masks, practice social distancing, all those basics, the more we’re able to fight back that second wave. So I can’t give you a timeline. It will actually depend on how people respond to your reporting and everything else we put out there. If they take decisive action, that can make a huge difference. But it is important, I think, to lay out the danger in terms of new restrictions because I think it will make it very visual, very real to people what we’re up against. God forbid this continued and we had a full-blown second wave, it means a lot more restrictions. It means, unfortunately, it could mean even having to shut down parts of our economy again, which would be horrible for this city, horrible for the livelihoods of people. German states are preparing to distribute coronavirus vaccines when they become available by setting up 60 decentralized centers across the country to provide fast and efficient access to doses.“The impact of the pandemic is once again very clear to all of us, and we look forward to the vaccine development with great hope,” said Alena Buyx, the head of Germany’s ethics council, which advises the government, during a news conference on Monday. “Very soon vaccines will be available and many people will ask who will get them first.”The details of the plan came on the same day that Pfizer announced that a vaccine it has been working on with the German drugmaker BioNTech was more than 90 percent effective in preventing the coronavirus among trial volunteers who had no evidence of prior virus infection.Together with a federal standing commission on vaccines and the National Academy of Sciences, the ethics council presented a framework that would prioritize elderly people at high risk, doctors and other caregivers who are often exposed to the disease and those who are in key positions, such as teachers and police officers.“If everyone pulls together now, we will take important steps until next summer to leave this pandemic behind us,” said Gerald Haug, the president of the National Academy of Science. Mr. Haug said that until the vaccines are widely available and administered, people would have to continue to keep to social distancing, mask use and hygiene rules.Jens Spahn, the German health minister, has previously said he expects Germany to have access to enough vaccinations to immunize 47 million of its citizens as the vaccines will require several doses. Initial vaccinations will unlikely be licensed for children or pregnant women. Scientists believe up to 70 percent of a population needs to be immunized for a herd immunity to take effect.In its second week of lockdown, Germany has been registering a record number of new infections. An employee at an Amazon facility in Naples, Italy in September. The online retailer has seen a massive increase in earnings during the pandemic. Credit…Gianni Cipriano for The New York Times Experts worry that some of the hundreds of thousands of departing college students will be “little ticking time bombs” in spreading the coronavirus.Credit…Lee Klafczynski for The New York Times Coronavirus cases in New York are swiftly rising, and Mayor Bill de Blasio said on Monday that the city was “dangerously close” to a second wave that might mean more restrictions.CreditCredit…Mark Abramson for The New York TimesGov. Philip D. Murphy of New Jersey laid out new restrictions for the state on Monday, calling for restaurants and nightclubs to shut down indoor service at 10 p.m. starting Thursday, and saying that no one may be seated directly at the bar.High school sports teams are not permitted to participate in out-of-state tournaments, but college athletes may still travel.Mr. Murphy said he would continue to consider additional targeted restrictions on nonessential businesses.New Jersey’s seven-day average of coronavirus cases now exceeds 2,000 infections a day, or 24 per 100,000 people, the highest rate since May. Last week, the average rate of positive tests, a key indicator of a state’s control of the virus, reached 6 percent. Hospitalizations have also been rising, though death rates have not spiked.Mr. Murphy, a Democrat, said in interview on CNBC’s “Squawk Box” on Monday that the new rules would be designed to “shave at the edges,” without imposing a full lockdown.The new limits on businesses comes about two weeks after Newark, the state’s largest city, took similar action on its own to confront a hot spot centered in the Ironbound neighborhood, one of the state’s most thriving restaurant districts.As coronavirus cases have surged to records across the United States, the New York City area had hoped to keep the outbreak at bay and press ahead with its slow but steady recovery from the dark days of spring. But now, the forecast is turning more alarming.The number of new infections is swiftly rising, with more than 1,000 cases identified in New York City four days in a row this past week, or 12 per 100,000 people, a level that last occurred in May, according to a New York Times database. City health officials and Mayor Bill de Blasio’s aides have been discussing whether new citywide restrictions should be imposed, including a broader shutdown of nonessential businesses if the citywide, seven-day positivity rate average climbs, and stays, above 3 percent. The figure was 2.21 percent, according to the city’s health department.Speaking to reporters on Monday, Gov. Andrew M. Cuomo said the so-called red zone covering parts of Brooklyn was being downgraded to orange, which allows for less severe restrictions. Parts of Erie, Monroe and Onondaga Counties would face greater restrictions, though, he said.“This is going to be the constant for the foreseeable future,” Mr. Cuomo said, of his “whack-a-mole” approach to battling the virus.Hospitalizations and death rates are a small fraction of what they were at the height of the pandemic, and case count comparisons can be tricky, given that much more testing is occurring now. Around the state, the daily average of new cases for the last seven days was 2,757, or 14 per 100,000 people as of Sunday, according to the Times database.What’s more, the positivity rate in New York City is still well below that in neighboring states.Mr. de Blasio said on Monday that “now, unfortunately, we are seeing a real growth in the positivity rate in the city, and that is dangerous.”He added, “This is my message to all New Yorkers: We can stop a second wave if we act immediately, but we have one last chance and everyone has to be a part of it.”The city’s contact tracing program has disclosed few details about which trends and patterns are contributing to transmission. But one city health official, who spoke on condition of anonymity to share details from internal discussions, said clusters had been traced to workplaces, including construction sites and offices. The official cautioned that no new restrictions — like asking people to resume work from home — were imminent, and there were some signs that the mayor was reluctant to impose new ones.With regard to restaurants in New York, Mr. de Blasio would only say that it was time to re-evaluate allowing limited indoor dining. A soldier disinfecting the staircase in an elementary school in Szolnok, Hungary, last month.Credit…Janos Meszaros/MTI, via Associated Press At 69, Mr. Carson is at an elevated risk for complications. He is also a cancer survivor, having undergone surgery in 2002 for an aggressive form of prostate cancer. Ben Carson, the secretary of housing and urban development, has tested positive for the coronavirus, according to a spokesman for the agency, the latest in a long list of administration officials, including President Trump, to contract the virus.- Advertisement – Ukraine’s president, Volodymyr Zelensky, said Monday that he has tested positive for the coronavirus, becoming the latest leader to contract the virus despite the extensive protective measures available to a head of state.Mr. Zelensky, who is 42 and not known to have any of the underlying conditions that could put him at risk of developing severe illness from the virus, said in a post in English on Twitter that he felt “good” and was taking vitamins, adding, “it’s gonna be fine!”The Ukrainian president said he intended to isolate himself but keep working. It was not clear if he had shown any symptoms. The president’s chief of staff, Andriy Yermak, has also tested positive, according to a statement he posted on Facebook minutes after the president’s tweet.The announcement came after reports earlier this month of an outbreak spreading in the Ukrainian leadership. Cases have been shooting up in Ukraine. The country reported an average of 9,525 cases per day over the past seven days.Mr. Zelensky has consistently urged Ukrainians to wear masks and to take other coronavirus precautions seriously. He often appears in public wearing a mask or on television conducting business by video conference.Critics have, however, taken issue with a decision by his political party, which controls Parliament, to allocate more than half of a coronavirus relief fund intended for hospitals to road construction instead.Mr. Zelensky, a former comedian, was elected president last spring and within months became entangled in an American political scandal when President Trump requested, in a telephone call, that he investigate now President-elect Joseph R. Biden Jr. and Mr. Biden’s family. Caught between the surging pandemic on the one hand, and political pressure to keep schools and businesses open on the other, many state governors have been trying to walk a fine line lately, by strongly urging mask-wearing and other precautions without mandating them. But the governor of Utah said on Sunday that he had to step over that line, and others may soon do the same. “Due to the alarming rate of Covid infections.” Gov. Gary Herbert, a Republican, wrote on Twitter, he was announcing a new state of emergency, including a mask mandate that would apply statewide. Social gatherings would be limited to “household only” for the next two weeks, he wrote, and all extracurricular activities at schools would be put on hold.He emphasized that the measures were “not shutting down our economy, but are absolutely necessary to save lives and hospital capacity.”Since Election Day, some states have shifted toward taking additional steps to rein in the virus, or have signaled that such action may be coming. On Friday, Gov. Mike Dunleavy of Alaska extended his state’s emergency declaration for another 30 days, and Gov. J.B. Pritzker of Illinois warned that a new stay-at-home order may be necessary if the virus’s spread in the state does not slow soon.In New Jersey, Gov. Philip D. Murphy said he planned to announce some tightening of the state’s restrictions on Monday, perhaps including limits on restaurant hours and bar seating, without imposing a full lockdown. President-elect Joseph R. Biden Jr., who has called for the whole nation to be under a mask mandate, announced the creation of a coronavirus advisory board on Monday to get started on his administration’s pandemic response policies.Utah, which has recently been reporting an average of more than 2,000 new coronavirus cases a day over the last week, is one of a number of states in the Great Plains and Mountain West where hospitals are rapidly filling to crisis levels. The Salt Lake Tribune reported on Sunday that 424 Utahns were hospitalized with Covid-19, a record for the state and an increase of nearly 25 percent from a week earlier. In neighboring Idaho, one of the state’s largest hospitals had to turn away patients over the weekend for lack of space, The Idaho Statesman reported. “In my 11 years as governor, I have seen Utahns do remarkable things,” Governor Herbert wrote in his announcement Sunday night. “We have overcome extraordinary challenges and great adversity. I implore you now to do all you can to stop the spread. It is time for Utahns to unite in this response and bring healing back to our state.” A new partial lockdown to contain the spread of the coronavirus in France is having a smaller impact on the national economy than a total lockdown earlier this year, the French central bank said Monday. But business leaders still expect a sharp decline in activity across the board in November, as order books at construction companies shrink, the bank added.France’s second lockdown, which began Oct. 17 and is now expected to stretch beyond Dec. 1, was aimed at minimizing damage to the economy just as a recovery was starting to take hold during a summer rebound. Unlike the earlier lockdown, France is allowing public services and schools to stay open, and activity at construction and factory sites to continue.The Banque de France said it expected the economy was likely to show a shrinkage of about 12 percent in November from a year ago. That compares with a wrenching 31 percent year-over-year contraction in April, when economic activity ground to a halt.Whether that improvement lasts remains to be seen. Fears of coronavirus outbreaks have worsened the outlook for French business activity, and are likely to lead to a wave of layoffs, economists say.French companies have said they expect earnings to decline in 2021, and they don’t expect to substantially increase spending on capital investment.Working from home, and the use of socially distanced workplaces has so far helped maintain corporate activity. The opening of schools is easing child care burdens for employees with children.Activity in agro-foods, pharmaceuticals and other industrial sectors enjoyed a bounce after an earlier national quarantine, and are now back to pre-pandemic levels, the central bank added.At the same time, a quarter of the economy remains hard hit by social-distancing measures, including hotels, restaurants, tourism and catering, the central bank said. Hungary and Portugal are the latest European countries to adopt new measures like curfews and limits on gatherings to curb rapid rises in new coronavirus cases.Prime Minister Viktor Orban of Hungary said there would be a general curfew from 8 p.m. to 5 a.m., and that all public events would be banned, with family and private gatherings capped at 10 people. Restaurants will only offer delivery services and hotels will be limited to catering to business travelers.High schools and higher education institutions will be moving to online classes, and dormitories will be closed, although nurseries, kindergartens, and primary schools will remain open. Sporting events will be held behind closed doors and gyms, indoor swimming pools, museums, theaters, and zoos will be closed.The government will also extend some benefits, including payroll tax cuts and salary contributions, to the tourism and hospitality sector.The new rules will need to be approved by Parliament, which is controlled by Mr. Orban’s party, and would be in place for 30 days.Nearly 2,500 people have died after contracting the virus in Hungary since the start of the year, according to government figures, with three-quarters of the deaths occurring after Sept. 1. More than 114,000 people have tested positive for the virus in Hungary. Portugal returned on Monday to a state of emergency that gives its government enhanced powers to impose lockdown measures to stop a second wave of Covid-19.But the government has so far opted for relatively lenient restrictions compared to those introduced recently in some other European countries. As of Monday, about 7.1 million of the 10 million residents of Portugal must respect a nighttime curfew that runs from 11 p.m. to 5 a.m., as well as a stricter one during the coming two weekends, from 1 p.m. to 5 a.m. The government said it would review the situation after Nov. 23 before deciding whether to extend the state of emergency.On Friday, the country registered 5,550 new Covid-19 cases, the highest daily figure since the pandemic started. The number of patients in Portugal’s intensive care units has also climbed this month to over 300, which is more than at the peak in April.In Andalusia, the southern region of Spain that borders Portugal and is home to about 8.4 million inhabitants, the regional authorities have ordered residents to remain within their municipalities. Bars and restaurants must close at 6 p.m., except in the province of Granada, where establishments must remain fully shuttered because of the high infection rate. Andalusia now has 457 Covid-19 patients in intensive care units, which is also a record since the start of the pandemic last March. Markets were already higher before Pfizer said a vaccine it was developing with BioNTech was found to have been more than 90 percent effective in preventing Covid-19 infections, based on a large study. Pfizer said by the end of the year, it will have manufactured enough doses of the vaccine to immunize 15 million to 20 million people. Scientists have cautioned against hyping early results before long-term safety and efficacy data has been collected, and no one knows how long the vaccine’s protection might last. It’s likely to be months before Pfizer’s vaccine or any other is able to substantially curb the coronavirus outbreak. The benchmark Stoxx Europe 600 index surged 4 percent, its biggest one-day gain since March, while the FTSE 100 in Britain rose 4.7 percent. In Asian markets, which closed before Pfizer announced its news, the Nikkei 225 in Japan ended the day 2.1 percent stronger, and the Hang Seng Index in Hong Kong finished up 1.2 percent. Crude oil prices also leapt about 9 percent, to more than $40 a barrel. Prices for government bonds — where investors traditionally park funds during times of uncertainty — tumbled sharply. Salt Lake County public health nurses at a testing site in Utah last month.Credit…Rick Bowmer/Associated Press Shares of companies that would benefit from a return to economic normalcy surged. American Airlines and United Airlines rose about 17 percent. Carnival, the cruise ship operator, rose nearly 36 percent. Also sharply higher were the shopping center owners Simon Property Group and Kimco Realty, the concert promoter Live Nation, and the office-building owner Vornado Realty Trust. Shanghai managed to avoid a widespread coronavirus outbreak last winter despite being in the same Yangtze River system as Wuhan, where the virus first emerged.Credit…Hector Retamal/Agence France-Presse — Getty Images The 2020 calendar promised an especially notable Veterans Day, marking 75 years after World War II ended and 70 years after the Korean War began. But just as the pandemic changed the calculus for the more joyful holidays of summer, so too is it upending plans for the more somber holiday this week that commemorates those who served the nation in wartime.Many cities around the country have canceled events; others plan to hold them virtually. Here is how some of the country’s prominent observances are being affected.The annual wreath-laying ceremony at Arlington National Cemetery will take place at 11 a.m. Eastern on Wednesday, and will be streamed live online. The cemetery will be open to the public that day, with masks required, but the Memorial Amphitheater and the Tomb of the Unknowns will be closed. At several veterans’ cemeteries in Maryland, ceremonies will take place with attendance limited to 250 people.Philadelphia, which held its Veterans Day events over the weekend, went entirely virtual. Birmingham, Ala., whose annual parade is believed to be one of the nation’s oldest, canceled in-person events in favor of a virtual parade and fireworks display; organizers said it was the first time they had done so.In New York, which usually holds one of the nation’s largest commemorations, organizers said a 120-vehicle motorcade would follow the regular parade route down Fifth Avenue on Wednesday carrying representatives of the groups that usually march, while online, a virtual “line of march” displays profiles of participants. Veterans’ motorcycle clubs would also ride the route, and small, socially distanced wreath layings would be held throughout the city, according to the United War Veterans Council in New York.Some cities, like Las Vegas, canceled their events entirely. Others planned to hold Veterans Day 5K runs, fireworks and parades, and place flags on grave sites, with social distance precautions and fewer attendees.Though many colleges have had significant virus outbreaks or imposed tight restrictions on their campuses to stave off infection, some schools, like Wichita State University and Missouri State University, said they would welcome veterans to on-campus commemorations or make the events viewable online. Commuters wait for a train on the Paris underground last week. France’s latest lockdown is taking less of a toll on the economy than the shutdown imposed earlier this year, the central bank said.Credit…Martin Bureau/Agence France-Presse — Getty Images “Hurdles still remain,” said Karen Ward, a strategist at JPMorgan Asset Management. “We need to find out more about production capabilities, rollout and takeup. But for now, this is shifting the winners and losers.” transcript‘We Can Stop a Second Wave,’ N.Y.C. Mayor SaysCoronavirus cases in New York are swiftly rising, and Mayor Bill de Blasio said on Monday that the city was “dangerously close” to a second wave that might mean more restrictions. Trading on Monday followed the best week for the S&P 500 since April, as investors became more convinced that President-elect Biden would govern alongside a Republican-held Senate. However, two runoff elections in Georgia mean the control of the Senate will not be known until January. Since the start of the fall semester, most universities have planned to end in-person classes before Thanksgiving and require students to finish the term remotely, partly to avoid an expected wave of cold-weather infections. That means that in a couple of weeks, hundreds of thousands of students will be crisscrossing the country by plane, train, bus and car, streaming back to hometowns until the spring semester begins.So what are colleges and universities doing to reduce the chances that those students might carry the coronavirus with them?As has been true with so much of the nation’s response to the pandemic, the answer is a patchwork of policies, with a minority of schools mandating that students test negative on coronavirus tests before they can leave campus — and many more offering little more than optional testing and advice.For example, Indiana University in Bloomington — where dozens of fraternity and sorority houses had to quarantine in September — will open its weekly surveillance testing to all of the 42,000 students living on or near campus. But the testing will be voluntary for most.The University of Michigan — where infections recently spiked so severely that local health officials issued a stay-in-place order — will make exit tests mandatory for some 5,000 undergraduates in university housing, but voluntary for thousands more living off-campus.A smaller number of schools are insisting on exit testing.New York State’s university system will require “all students using on-campus facilities in any capacity” to test negative for the virus within 10 days of their departure, and to quarantine according to county health rules if they test positive, whether they are on or off-campus. The plan will entail testing about 140,000 students at SUNY’s 64 colleges and universities.And in Massachusetts, where cases have been surging, Boston University has asked students not to leave campus, period, until Dec. 10, when classes end. “We are saying, ‘Stay here,’ plain and simple,” Kenneth Elmore, the associate provost and dean of students, said.“There’s a responsibility not to unleash little ticking time bombs,” said A. David Paltiel, a professor of health policy and management at the Yale School of Public Health, noting that recently exposed students can feel well and still shed large quantities of the virus. “But this has not yet hit the radar screen of many college administrators.”The American College Health Association, which represents college health officers, issued public health guidelines last week recommending that schools encourage students to get tested before their Thanksgiving departure, refrain from traveling if they test positive and quarantine for 14 days at home upon arrival. But the association stopped short of calling for mandatory testing.The New York Times has documented more than 252,000 coronavirus cases and at least 80 deaths on college campuses since the pandemic began. Most of the deaths involved college employees in the spring. But at least four students — most recently, Bethany Nesbitt, a 20-year-old student at Grace College in Indiana — have died this semester after contracting Covid-19.Julie Halpert contributed reporting. Stocks rocketed higher after the pharmaceutical giant Pfizer said early data showed that its coronavirus vaccine appeared 90 percent effective. The news followed Joseph R. Biden Jr.’s election as the 46th president of the United States on Saturday, a sign that the American vote, which some investors worried could spiral into a chaotic period if President Trump lost, appeared to proceed more or less normally. Here’s what you need to know: “Lives were endangered, and I believe lives were lost,” Dr. Bright, the former director of the Department of Health and Human Services’s Biomedical Advanced Research and Development Authority, told a House subcommittee in May.Mr. Biden’s decision to put Dr. Bright on his advisory panel is intended to send a signal that the incoming administration intends to confront the virus — which is surging across the country — in a very different way than President Trump, who sought to largely push responsibility onto states.In a statement on Monday, Mr. Biden said the advisory board will help him shape his “approach to managing the surge in reported infections; ensuring vaccines are safe, effective, and distributed efficiently, equitably, and free; and protecting at-risk populations.”After meeting with the board on Monday, Mr. Biden urged all Americans to wear a mask and vowed to make defeating the pandemic his No. 1 priority when he takes office on Jan. 20.“It doesn’t matter your party, your point of view. We can save tens of thousands of lives if everyone would just wear a mask for the next few months,” Mr. Biden said.On Sunday, the nation surpassed 10 million cases and sank deeper into the grip of what could become the worst chapter yet of the pandemic.The rate of new cases is soaring: The seven-day average of new cases across the United States rose to more than 111,000 a day, as of Sunday. With 29 states setting weekly case records, the virus is surging in more than half the country. Nationwide, hospitalizations have nearly doubled since mid-September, and deaths are slowly increasing again.The nation’s worsening outlook comes at an extremely difficult juncture: Mr. Trump, who remains in office until January, is openly at odds with his own coronavirus advisers, and winter, when infections are only expected to spread faster, is coming.The three co-chairs of Mr. Biden’s virus advisory board are:Dr. Vivek H. Murthy, a former surgeon general, who has been a key Biden adviser for months and is expected to take a major public role; Dr. David A. Kessler, a former commissioner of the Food and Drug Administration for the first President George Bush and President Bill Clinton; and Dr. Marcella Nunez-Smith, an associate professor of medicine and epidemiology at Yale University.The 13-member panel will also include Dr. Ezekiel J. Emanuel, an oncologist and the chair of the department of medical ethics and health policy at the University of Pennsylvania. Dr. Emanuel is the brother of Rahm Emanuel, who served as White House chief of staff under former President Barack Obama and as the mayor of Chicago. Dr. Emanuel has been a high-profile advocate of a more aggressive approach to the virus.The other members of the panel are: Dr. Atul Gawande, a professor of surgery at Brigham and Women’s Hospital; Dr. Celine Gounder, a clinical assistant professor at the N.Y.U. Grossman School of Medicine; Dr. Julie Morita, the executive vice president of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation; Dr. Michael Osterholm, the director of the Center for Infectious Disease Research and Policy at the University of Minnesota; Ms. Loyce Pace, the executive director and president of the Global Health Council; and Dr. Robert Rodriguez and Dr. Eric Goosby of the University of California, San Francisco School of Medicine. BEIJING — A 51-year-old air cargo worker has been infected with the coronavirus in Shanghai, China’s biggest city, prompting an immediate effort to contain the virus before it can spread.The Shanghai municipal government ordered the immediate quarantine of close contacts of the worker and restricted travel for anyone living in Yingqian, the village within Shanghai where the worker lived. The worker, a man with the surname Wang, went to a hospital with a fever and fatigue on Sunday and tested positive for the virus.Mr. Wang’s four family members and his 16 co-workers have already tested negative for the virus, said Li Guohua, the deputy chief of the city’s huge Pudong district, which includes the airport and Yingqian. The city has quarantined 106 of his close contacts so far and is moving another 75 of them into quarantine, he added.Wu Jinglei, the director of the Shanghai Municipal Health Commission, said at a televised news conference on Monday that the air cargo worker had not been involved in handling frozen food, a category that China has sometimes blamed for previous infections. Mr. Wang also was not connected to the city’s ongoing import expo, which opened on Wednesday.Governments in the West have sometimes struggled to find even three close contacts per infected person. China uses extensive location tracking of cellphones and meticulous interrogation of infected people to assemble far larger lists of contacts to quarantine.Shanghai managed to avoid a widespread outbreak of the coronavirus last winter despite lying in the same Yangtze River system as Wuhan, where the virus emerged late last year. Shanghai set up checkpoints at municipal borders for many weeks and stringently limited the entry of anyone without legal residency in the city.Qiqing Lin contributed research. Video By: Ella Koeze·Source: Refinitiv President Tsai Ing-wen of Taiwan at a National Day celebration in Taipei, last month.Credit…Ritchie B. Tongo/EPA, via Shutterstock Health Minister Jens Spahn has said he expects Germany to have access to enough vaccinations to immunize 47 million of its citizens.Credit…Pool photo by Henning Schacht Re-enactors in World War I-style uniforms marched in New York City’s 2019 Veterans Day parade. Because of the pandemic, parade participants this year will ride in a motorcade instead, organizers said.Credit…Karsten Moran for The New York Times The pandemic has turbocharged profits at some big businesses, like Amazon, which reported a 70 percent increase in earnings in the first nine months of the year. But it has devastated others, like Delta Air Lines, which lost $5.4 billion in the third quarter.Perhaps most surprising: Some companies that had feared for their lives in the spring, among them some rental car businesses, restaurant chains and financial firms, are now doing fine — or even excelling.Wall Street analysts expect earnings to rebound to a record high next year. And, over all, 80 percent of companies in the S&P 500 stock index that have reported third-quarter earnings so far have exceeded analysts’ expectations, said Howard Silverblatt, senior index analyst for S&P Dow Jones Indices.As the pandemic forced people to stay home and do more things online, some successful companies, like Amazon, were perfectly positioned to take advantage of the change. Now, these businesses are becoming even more dominant.Tech companies were strong before the pandemic downturn — and have powered through the rout, which could help the economy recover faster this time, said Jonathan Golub, chief U.S. equity strategist at Credit Suisse Securities.But the outlook is dire for other businesses.Passenger airlines are among the biggest losers of the pandemic, and they have few options to improve their prospects. Delta, United Airlines and American Airlines worked quickly to cut costs and got $50 billion in the March federal stimulus package.Still, investors are not all that worried, and are signaling that they expect a broad profits recovery among the largest U.S. companies. The S&P 500 has soared nearly 57 percent from its March low and is up 8.6 percent for the year.Those gains may seem odd given that the combined profits of the companies in that index are on track to decline 25 percent this year from a record showing in 2019. But a big chunk of that rally can be attributed to a handful of technology stocks. Of course, many struggling businesses, including lots of restaurants, stores and services companies, are not traded on the stock market. That means a surge in stock prices can give a misleadingly optimistic view of where the economy is headed. President Volodymyr Zelensky of Ukraine said on Monday that he had tested positive for the coronavirus.Credit…Pool photo by Will Oliver “With more certainty around the election, a strong quarter of earnings across many sectors, and extremely positive news on the vaccine front, there is little to hold us back,” said Chris Larkin, managing director of trading and investment products at E-Trade Financial. – Advertisement –