…writes Chief Justice not to violate Constitution…Cabinet meetings illegal…Clerk says “no review” to no-confidence motion; resolution already circulated“The Government should resign,” said Opposition Leader Bharrat Jagdeo bluntly on Thursday as he called for the Administration to abide by the Constitution during a media engagement outside Freedom House on Thursday following a meeting with the Party’s Executive Committee.“This government has lost a no-confidence motion; the Constitution has provided the clear prescription [that] you resign on losing it. They should’ve resigned by now … [I’m calling on Government] to resign now; that is what [Article] 106 (6) is – it didn’t say “may” resign, it said “shall” resign,” Jagdeo told reporters.Article 106 (6) states explicitly: “The Cabinet including the President shall resign if the Government is defeated by the vote of a majority of all the elected members of the National Assembly on a vote of confidence.”Jagdeo on Thursday had reiterated that he was ready to have these discussions with the Head of State. However, while Government had assured a meeting would be held between President Granger and the Opposition Leader, this was not likely until the President returns from Cuba.President David Granger“I’m prepared to meet now, [but] the President is not here … and I don’t want to be callous, so I’ll have to wait until he gets back. [But] they are just going around managing as though nothing has happened in this country. What happened last week is that the Government fell, the Government fell on a no-confidence motion,” Jagdeo asserted.This position by the Opposition Leader comes on the heels of the coalition Administration holding a Cabinet meeting on Thursday, during which it said a report was received from the Special Legal Sub-Committee on the no-confidence motion. That report, according to a statement from Government, presented a number of recommendations and as such, Cabinet discussed various options and took certain decisions on the way forward.However, legal luminaries have questioned the legality of Thursday’s Cabinet meeting, saying that the President and his ministers should have already resigned and not continue with “business as usual” since legally there is no Cabinet. In fact, the Clerk of the National Assembly had pronounced that he would not review the no-confidence motion and the consequent resolution had already been circulated to all parties, including the Leader of the Opposition.Jagdeo, during the brief interview with media operatives, had pointed out that Government is manoeuvring to delay its exit from office and hang on to power longer.“They’re just hanging on now trying to change that, so you can see this is a desperate bunch out there,” he posited.Furthermore, the Opposition Leader revealed that the PPP has written the Judiciary with regards to any legal actions that violate the Constitution of Guyana. He contends that the Constitution is explicit in what follows when a no-confidence motion is passed against a government.“This morning we deposited a letter in the Chief Justice’s office to say any attempt to seek ex-parte arrangements to stay the no-confidence motion, we want to be heard on it [any motion filed by Government], but we believe that the Judiciary must not engage in any action that could violate what is so explicit in our Constitution and it’s explicit that the Government must resign or else, we’ll have a judicial coup, reversing what took place in Parliament. We cannot have that, the Constitution is clear,” Jagdeo told reporters.While Government did not elaborate on the “various options” discussed and “certain decisions” taken, the Opposition Leader disclosed that they were privy to inside information that the coalition is looking at six options. These include arguing that there should be a 34 to 31 majority to successfully pass a no-confidence motion; and that once you’ve committed to a list of a party, then it is illegal to vote against the list.Other options, according to the Opposition Leader, that Government is reportedly considering is going back to the National Assembly and replacing Charrandas Persaud – the AFC parliamentarian who voted in favour of the Opposition-sponsored motion thus allowing it to pass – seat to redo the vote on the motion in favour of government. He said they also wanted to challenge Persaud’s vote, since he has dual citizenship, as well as approaching the Speaker of the National Assembly, Dr Barton Scotland to have him reverse his ruling that the no-confidence motion was passed validly.Another option the coalition is reportedly looking at is getting someone to file a motion, making the respondents the Attorney General and the Speaker, who may then consent to a judgement that something illegal took place in the House when the motion was voted on last Friday.However, Jagdeo posited that, “…all of these are now legal manoeuvrings to thwart the will of the people and the Constitution. And we are vigilant about this and we will not let it happen”.Following last week’s passage of the Opposition-sponsored no-confidence motion, Government vowed that it would uphold the law and abide by the Constitution. President David Granger in a statement on Saturday last had said that he was “anxious” to engage the Opposition Leader on any concerns he may have going forward.After having the opportunity to further reflect and research the implications of the no-confidence vote, the Prime Minister was even more specific. In his Sunday column captioned “Historic no-confidence motion” three days later, he said:“Some may see it as Black Friday; others as Good Friday. But on Friday, December 21, 2018, a duly-elected government was defeated on a vote of no confidence that was tabled by the Opposition.“The motion was tabled by the People’s Progressive Party (PPP/C) which has 32 MPs in Guyana’s 65-seat National Assembly, as against 33 MPs on the APNU+AFC Coalition’s government benches.Passage of the motion required a majority of all elected members of the House which, in effect, translated to 33 MPs. On the surface, without the requisite majority, the Opposition had no prospect of success. But when the vote was taken, a Government MP voted with the Opposition. That vote made history, as this is the first time that a government has to resign from office upon the approval of a no-confidence vote.”In addition, Prime Minister Nagamootoo had said during an emergence press conference shortly after last Friday’s historic sitting that while the outcome was unpredictable, it must be accepted.“The Guyanese must understand that the democratic process is sometimes unpredictable. You may have results that are not planned for … but the outcome has to be accepted… It may be a surprise to some, it may be a shock to others, it may be welcomed by some and others may rejoice over the results, but that is how democracy works and we are fully committed to the rule of law,” Nagamootoo had stated.
“Completely unexpected,” was the reaction of Donald Brownlee, principal investigator of the Stardust mission, to the photos revealed by the spacecraft that flew into the tail of Comet Wild-2 last January (see 01/02/2004 headline), reports a University of Washington press release. The comet mission is the cover story in the June 18 issue of Science, with four scientific papers and two reviews. Photos and information have also been released at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory Stardust website. Scientists expected to find a dirty, fluffy snowball of loose material, but found instead a surface unlike anything else in the solar system. Deep flat-floored pits, craters with steep walls and pinnacles more than three hundred feet high indicate that the comet material is rigid and cohesive enough, despite the low gravity, to hold together under impacts. Planetary scientists thought that most comets were like rubble piles loosely held together by gravity, easily torn apart by gravitational perturbations. Maybe some are, but the sharp edges, angular shapes and steep cliffs on Wild-2 make it look brittle and very unlike an asteroid, and different than the previously-visited comets Halley and Borrelly. Perhaps there is more variety among comets than expected. The comet jets on Wild-2 (pronounced vilt-2), also unexpectedly, emerge at high velocity from numerous places around the roughly circular body, rather than being sublimated off the outer surface volatiles. Some of them appear to be collimated like the jets from a fire hose, suggesting that they emerge from pits deep in the interior. Stardust was hit with two wallops as high-velocity dust particles from particularly strong jets pummeled its shields at hundreds of kilometers per hour on the way through the dust tail. The spacecraft succeeded admirably, despite the hazards, in taking pictures and collecting dust particles in its aerogel collector for return to earth. Delighted, but perplexed, describes the mood of scientists over the mission so far. “New in situ observations of a comet are demonstrating once again how little we understand about these dark and mysterious planetesimals,” remarked Harold Weaver in Science.1 Brownlee et al.2 claim that the surface reveals a “juxtaposition of features that are young and old” on an object thought to be a primordial relic of the formation of the solar system. Hinting that these findings are putting theories in turmoil, an editorial in the same issue3 hopes that the return of the particles in January 2006 will “clear up any nightmares about the origin of the solar system and the dynamics of comets.”1Harold A. Weaver, “Not a Rubble Pile?” Science, Vol 304, Issue 5678, 1760-1762, 18 June 2004 [DOI: 10.1126/science.1100581].2Brownlee et al., “Surface of Young Jupiter Family Comet 81P/Wild 2: View from the Stardust Spacecraft,” Science, Vol 304, Issue 5678, 1764-1769, 18 June 2004 [DOI: 10.1126/science.1097899].3“Sweet Dreams Are Made of These,” Science, Vol 304, Issue 5678, 1760, 18 June 2004 [DOI: 10.1126/science.304.5678.1760a].Everyone should be thrilled at the success of this mission of discovery, but it does point out a lesson about scientists. Since scientists know so little about things they can observe, and since they often find contradictions to their expectations, why should we trust any confident-sounding pronouncements about things they can’t observe? When they talk about this comet having formed billions of years ago, how can they possibly know that? Brownlee’s paper says, “Pinnacles were not anticipated land forms on primitive bodies, and their origin on Wild 2 is a mystery.” He thinks the jets, pinnacles and impact craters are young, but the rest of the comet is old, only because current theories require the solar system to be 4.6 billion years old, and comets had to form near the beginning. But then how does he keep the comet from dissipating away completely long ago? (See 03/27/2003 headline.) He tells an ad hoc story to get the theory to fit the observations. He claims Wild-2 may have repeatedly come inside Jupiter’s orbit and back out again. But then how did the comet escape complete break-up by a collision in the planetary shooting gallery, or avoid getting ejected out of the solar system entirely, during one of those excursions? The nightmares may not go away entirely in January 2006. If history is any guide, the comet dust samples will answer some questions but raise many others. For a sweet dream, however, imagine yourself standing on the surface of the three-mile wide comet. The gravity is so low, you could jump and launch yourself into orbit. Cool.(Visited 9 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
“Missing Link?” asks the cover of Nature May 12, next to what looks like an alien head with a giant eye staring out. The article by Nilsson et al.1 suggests that the box jellyfish has optical sensors that could represent primitive eyes that evolved before the more advanced eyes of vertebrates. Most of us don’t think of jellyfish with eyes; “In the light of the current interest in early eye evolution,” they say, “the uniquely evolved eyes of box jellyfish have been neglected.” But just how primitive are these strange eyes? Cubozoans, or box jellyfish, differ from all other cnidarians by an active fish-like behaviour and an elaborate sensory apparatus. Each of the four sides of the animal carries a conspicuous sensory club (the rhopalium), which has evolved into a bizarre cluster of different eyes. Two of the eyes on each rhopalium have long been known to resemble eyes of higher animals, but the function and performance of these eyes have remained unknown. Here we show that box-jellyfish lenses contain a finely tuned refractive index gradient producing nearly aberration-free imaging. This demonstrates that even simple animals have been able to evolve the sophisticated visual optics previously known only from a few advanced bilaterian phyla. (Emphasis added in all quotes.)Yet these sophisticated eyes do not focus sharply on a retina, they say:However, the position of the retina does not coincide with the sharp image, leading to very wide and complex receptive fields in individual photoreceptors. We argue that this may be useful in eyes serving a single visual task. The findings indicate that tailoring of complex receptive fields might have been one of the original driving forces in the evolution of animal lenses.The paper claims that these jellyfish figured this out on their own: “From the unique crystallin proteins we know that at least the lenses have evolved independently in box jellyfish,” they say, noting that “Making good lenses seems to be a demanding task, because only few animal phyla have accomplished it.” Also, they contain a number of eye-like parts: “All major components of a typical camera-type eye are present: a cornea, a lens, a retina, a pigment layer and an iris.” The tiny lenses, about a tenth of a millimeter across, are spherically symmetric; yet by means of a variable index of refraction, they are able to form “good images.” The packing density of the specialized crystallin proteins provides the refractive index gradient. The researchers measured some pretty remarkable optical qualities, but also some aberration:Tracing rays through the refractive-index gradient of the upper eye reveal nearly perfect focusing for all ray positions (Fig. 2). For such a minute eye it is surprising to find well-corrected, aberration-free imaging, otherwise known only from the much larger eyes of vertebrates and cephalopods. The gradient in the upper-eye lenses comes very close to the ideal solution. The lenses of the lower eye have a less ideal gradient and consequently display some spherical aberration (Fig. 2e, f). It is the homogeneous lens core and steep peripheral gradient that results in positive spherical aberration in the lower eye.Surprisingly, both kinds of eyes are severely under-focused. Is this due to clumsy eye geometry, or could there be a reason for under-focused eyes for a jellyfish?Another, more likely, interpretation is that the eyes are ‘purposely’ under-focused to remove high spatial frequencies (fine image details) from the retinal image, much as occurs in insect dorsal ocelli. If the arrangement is indeed a spatial low-pass filter, it would help the animals to detect the large and stationary structures of their visual environment, but would leave unseen the plankton and small particles floating with the current. Assuming that the lens eyes have evolved to allow the jellyfish to remain in nearshore habitats and to avoid swimming into obstacles, a low-pass filtering of image structure would make sense.It is not known how the visual information is processed. The authors suggest that the data is filtered early in the jellyfish eye, not requiring a complex brain:In box jellyfish we find these large complex receptive fields at the level of photoreceptors, indicating that the eyes might be specialized for a specific task only and that this allows complex filtering of information much earlier than in more general visual systems. The fact that box jellyfish have four different types of eye gives support to the idea that each eye type is highly specialized.So how do box jellyfish fit into the story of eye evolution?The early evolution of animal visual systems is likely to have started out with eyes that were involved only in single visual tasks. In this perspective it is interesting to note that high visual acuity is not necessarily desirable. The lens eyes of box jellyfish indicate that there might be visual tasks best served by a blurred image. Evolution of sophisticated eyes might therefore be a process with discrete stages representing the sequential addition of visual tasks. Our results also indicate that advanced lenses with graded-index optics might have evolved for tailoring complex receptive fields and not just for improving sensitivity or acuity.Not many science reporters seem to have given this story a glance. Michael Hopkin in [email protected] avoided speculating that these were missing links, titling his review “Box jellyfish show a keen eye.” Yet New Scientist made evolution its centerpiece: “Multi-eyed jellyfish helps with Darwin’s puzzle,” the title states, claiming it represents a “possible path from simple to complicated” eyes. Given the blurry imaging system of the box jellyfish, the article concludes, “From here it would be an easy step to evolve an image-forming eye.” Susan Milius, on the other hand, writing for Science News,2 warned against such speculation. “Biologists need to be careful in working out the evolutionary implications of the new study,” she says, quoting Alan Collins of NOAA. “The eyes of box jellyfish, cephalopods such as the octopus, and vertebrates seem to have arisen independently. So, unraveling the evolution of box-jellyfish eyes may not reveal the particular path of eye evolution for other lineages.” Her article contains a stunning color picture of the box jellyfish, eyes and all. 1Nilsson et al., “Advanced optics in a jellyfish eye,” Nature 435, 201-205 (12 May 2005) | doi: 10.1038/nature03484.2Susan Milius, “Built for Blurs: Jellyfish have great eyes that can’t focus,” Science News, Week of May 14, 2005; Vol. 167, No. 20, p. 307.Oh, how the Darwinists would love to find a sequence of complexity in eyes, to ease Chairman Charlie’s stomach pains when contemplating the wonderful designs in nature. But this story can’t help. The jellyfish eyes appear over-designed for their task (see 06/19/2002 entry). These remarkable optically-near-perfect structures are well adapted to the needs of the organism. Perfect focus would be a drawback for the jellyfish. It would create an image crowded with irrelevant details. Instead, it has a “low-pass filter” to help it see what it needs to see: large, stationary objects so that it can avoid obstacles and find prey in its habitat. If an animal has a structure that meets its needs and is well designed, is it not a non-sequitur to say it is evolving? Did the Darwinists find a gradual sequence of intermediates leading from primitive eyes to complex eyes? No. Brittlestars (see 08/23/2001), trilobites (09/18/2003) and even sponges (08/20/2003) exhibit optical perfection, yet none of these are on a phylogenetic line – evolutionists claim all these things evolved independently (and suddenly, too, considering they burst onto the seen during the Cambrian, without ancestors). So instead of helping Charlie sleep better, this story gives him more indigestion: his tale now needs multiplied miracles of chance and natural selection to keep from falling apart. We need to get rid of the useless Darwinspeak in biological research, and focus instead on the functional information and adaptive excellence of each species. Arranging the tools in your garage into a hypothetical evolutionary sequence does nothing to help you use them better.(Visited 17 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
Many of us focus heavily on cameras, gear, lenses, and other equipment as a means to create a cinematic image, but there is so much more that goes into making a cinematic image.The most important tool that you have as a cinematographer is your knowledge of the craft, because the more you understand the fundamental science of your work, the less you will need to rely on your tools.Creative ChoicesArguably one of the most important aspects of your style as a cinematographer, is your ability to make unique creative choices based on the script or project that you are working on. Above and beyond all else, being able to conceptualize the look of a film (usually along with your director) is what you are hired to do, so it’s always important to bare that responsibility in mind. Even trained cinematographers often fall into certain styles or habits and start to repeat themselves on projects that vary significantly in tone and style, and when this happens the films they work on run the risk of feeling dull or uninspired.The best way to approach any project as a cinematographer, is to prioritize “the look” that you’re after. Look at the film early on and question it. What type of mood needs to be set in each scene? When are the major plot points, and what can you do to emphasize them with the lighting? How can some of the themes and motifs in the script be adapted visually? These sort or basic questions will easily help you to identify some rules and parameters that you set up early on that will ultimately affect the tone of the final film. For instance, you might decide that scenes with a certain character are going to be backlit to emphasize their personality, or that any time you shoot daytime exteriors, you will underexpose as a means of creating an unsettling tension even in brighter moments of the film.Lighting ScienceKnow what you want the film to look like is one thing, but actually knowing how to achieve that look is another. It’s so important to understand lighting science as a cinematographer, as it will ultimately make your life so much easier and make your work so much better. By lighting science, I am referring to things like lighting ratios, light quality, and color. Simply understanding the basics of a three point lighting setup really isn’t enough – Not only because you won’t always want to use a three point setup, but also because any traditional lighting setup can look vastly different based on the lights and modifiers being used. For example if you use a tungsten lamp as your key light and point it directly at your talent, it is going to set a very different mood than if you were to flip that light around, bounce it off a white board, and create a softer light. This look will vary even more once you factor in the distance of the light/source from the talent as well as the type of light and bulb strength.The bottom line is that lighting science is crucial to know if you want to be able to work quickly on set while still getting the great, stylized look that you’re after. The great thing about understanding lighting inside and out, is that you don’t necessarily need an elaborate lighting kit to get the look you’re after. A trained DP can work magic with natural and practical lights, especially when shooting with a camera that has a decent sensor (just about an DSLR these days fits that bill!). At the same time, an inexperience DP can have all the best lights and modifiers in the world and the scene can still look poorly lit. If you’re just starting out, I would suggest working with natural light or practical lights (such as lamps, street lights, etc.) first, as it is a very organic way to understand the science of lighting by experimenting. As you start to need lights, bounces, negative fill, or any other tool, you can then expand your kit and make the purchases that you actually need based on your own work.Camera MovementThe last thing I’ll touch on here is the importance of camera movement. If we take a step back and remember the first point that I made with regards to making creative choices on set, your camera movement (or lack of it) is one of the best ways to define your look. For a simple example, imagine the difference in tone and feeling of a film shot entirely hand held and one that is entirely locked off on a tripod. The mood instantly changes. As you might imagine this notion extends quite far and ultimately every scene must be approached critically to decide what type of camera movement works best. A dolly shot? Handheld Tracking? Possibly a small jib move? All of these techniques will help the viewer to understand the filmmakers intentions with the scene, so make sure that you choose your camera movement wisely.It’s also very important that you don’t over-do camera movement. Just because you have a slider doesn’t mean it should be used in every shot. And too many different types of moves shouldn’t usually be employed in the same scene (unless very carefully choreographed) or else the scene may become cluttered and unfocused. For instance a big jib shot might work well to open up a scene, but then if you cut back to it again, or even end on a reverse of that same jib shot, it will feel redundant. Another example would be if there is a dialogue scene at a dinner table, and the wide shot is pushing back and forth on a dolly, while the closeups pan back and forth between the actors on their lines. In some unique circumstances this might actually look good, but if it’s a romantic dinner setting or a quiet meeting between friends, this will feel way too intense.ConclusionLighting is really so much more than the tools that we have. If you are able to craft a scene beautifully and intentionally using your knowledge base on light quality, lensing, and camera movement, your work will look fantastic. There is absolutely nothing wrong with wanting to shoot on the best gear – I of all people can relate! But always remember that the gear is only there to capture the best version of an already beautiful scene that you are creating, rather than capturing an image and hoping the camera and post-production will do the work for you.If you are interested in learning more about lighting I highly recommend checking out the Lighting for Video series here on PremiumBeat’s website. While you’re there read up on the latest filmmaking news or learn some more creative filmmaking techniques.What techniques do you use when approaching cinematography? Share in the comments below.
Nominations for the Prime Minister’s Youth Award for Excellence have been extended to Monday, December 31, with the award ceremony rescheduled for early 2013. Minister of Youth and Culture, Hon. Lisa Hanna, made the disclosure on November 28, during a regional leadership seminar at the Rockfort Vocational Training Centre in Kingston. The award function was initially set for Sunday, December 2 at the end of Youth Month, and as part of ‘Jamaica 50’ celebrations. Ms. Hanna said the decision to extend the nominations was taken following a review of the planning process. She said that the new deadline will allow for more exemplary young people, from all over the island, to be recommended for the prestigious award. “I wanted to make sure that every young person in Jamaica, those persons at the HEART Trust/NTA, those persons in rural communities, those persons with disabilities, has a chance to submit a nomination or have someone nominate them. So, if you know of anyone, who you believe is a leader in this course, across the country, in your own community, (nominate them),” she urged. Nomination forms can be collected from the Ministry of Youth and Culture, 4-6 Trafalgar Road, Kingston 5; the National Centre for Youth Development (NCYD) information centres in St. Ann, St. Mary, St. James, Portmore, Kingston and Portland; and NCYD Youth Empowerment Offices island-wide. Nomination forms can also be downloaded at http://bit.ly/pmyouthawardsform. Additionally, applicants can drop off their nominations at the Ministry’s office; and at National Youth Service (NYS) offices island-wide. The annual Prime Minister’s Youth Award for Excellence is co-ordinated by the NCYD, an agency of the Ministry of Youth and Culture. The award is the highest honour given to young Jamaicans ages 15 and 24, who have achieved national and international distinction in the areas of: academics, agriculture, arts and culture, entrepreneurship, international achievement, leadership, journalism, sports, and service to their communities. The award aims to motivate each individual recipient through positive re-enforcement and recognition, and also seeks to optimise their growth and development.
To promote the cultural heritage and weaving skills of Indian hand-made carpets and other floor coverings amongst the visiting overseas carpet buyers, the Carpet Export Promotion Council is organising its 34th India Carpet Expo (13th in Varanasi) at the Sampurnanand Sanskrit University Ground, Varanasi, under the aegis of Government of India. The event which will commence from October 10 and will last till October 13, is an ideal platform for International carpet buyers, buying houses, buying agents, architects and Indian carpet manufacturers and exporters, to meet and establish long term business relationship. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfBeing one of the largest handmade carpet fairs in Asia, the expo offers a unique platform for the buyers to source the best handmade carpets, rugs and other floor coverings under one roof. It has become a popular destination worldwide for handmade carpets. India’s unique capability in adapting to any type of design, colour, quality and size as per the specifications of the carpet buyers has made it a household name in International market. The carpet industry uses diverse raw-materials from various ports of India i.e. wool, silk, manmade fibre, jute, cotton and various blends of different yarns. Economists believe that this industry have immense potential for growth, both in production and exports. Also, it is environment friendly and does not use scarce and perishable energy resources. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveOver the years, the India Carpet Expo has established itself as a great sourcing platform for the carpet buyers from all over the globe. The prime objective of the Council in holding the Expo in Varanasi, the major Carpet producing belt, is to provide ‘unique pick and choose’ business opportunity to all overseas carpet buyers. It is the endeavor of the Council to provide exclusive business environment to the carpet importers as well as manufacturers and exporters. The Council has allotted stands to 274 participants in the biggest possible stand area of 6631 sq meter in ICE, during October 2017. The event will be inaugurated on October 10, by Ajay Tamta, Minister of State for Textiles, Government of India, in the august presence of Shantmanu, IAS, Development Commissioner (Handicrafts) and other Senior Government officials from the Central and State Governments.It is expected that around 500 reputed overseas carpet buyers, from almost 58 countries mainly from Australia, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, China, Chile, Denmark, Egypt, France, Germany, Iran, Israel, Italy, Japan, Lebanon, Mexico, Russia, Singapore, South Africa, Turkey, U.K., USA etc. have registered themselves for attending the Expo. It would be worthwhile to mention that buyers from new countries like Bulgaria, Israel, Mauritius, Taiwan, Vietnam are also attending the mega Expo to do serious business with Indian exporters/manufacturers. This will ultimately benefit over two million weavers/artisans employed in this highly labour intensive rural based cottage industry.Carpet Export Promotion Council (CEPC) is not only inviting and incentivizing the wholesale buyers but is also providing a two-nights complimentary stay in a hotel at Varanasi for attending the India Carpet Expo. Mahavir Pratap Sharma, Chairman, said that this exhibition and buyer-seller meet will be taking Indian exports of handmade carpets to greater and newer heights. Siddh Nath Singh, first Vice-Chairman, Umer Hameed, second Vice-Chairman and all Members of COA, CEPC are confident that the Expo will generate good business for the artisans and weavers from around the globe.
June 11, 2016 Register Now » Opinions expressed by Entrepreneur contributors are their own. The internet is an example — for better or worse — of the freedom of expression. Yet, people find ways to insulate themselves on social media sites and elsewhere on the web.People might unintentionally find themselves in a “filter bubble” — that is, only reading and / or engaging with content that confirms their views and opinions. Consider, for instance, what sites you head to for news (besides Entrepreneur, of course), if you use anti-tracking software and the types of posts and comments you put online. All of these aspects of your digital life might be signs of being in a filter bubble.The digital echo chamber can lead people to stop expanding their horizons and learning new information. Therefore, Hyper Island, a company that focuses on educational programs and courses as well as innovation consulting for companies, put together an infographic to help raise awareness of these filter bubbles. Check out the flowchart below to find out the level of insulation you experience online.Click to EnlargeRelated: Is Workplace Culture Overrated? (Infographic) Free Webinar | Sept. 9: The Entrepreneur’s Playbook for Going Global 1 min read Growing a business sometimes requires thinking outside the box.