MY DONEGAL……WITH ‘QUIET MOMENT’ OWNER BRENDAN MCGLYNN

first_imgLetterkenny businessman Brendan McGlynn is well-known throughout the county as an estate agent and the owner of the Quiet Moment cafes. Here he outlines what he loves about Donegal including his own chef’s homemade scones!  What is your favourite place in Donegal and why? Dunfanaghy is my favourite place in Donegal. There’s always a good holiday atmosphere it has the full package.If you could change one thing about Donegal what would it be?I would have a motorways from Letterkenny to Dublin and Belfast. Who is the one person in Donegal that you look up to and why?It has to be my mother Kay over the years she has helped to stay positive for the future even in these tough times.Daniel O’Donnell or Packie Bonner?BothWhat has been Donegal’s proudest moment in recent years?It has to be the winning Ulster Championship back to back.What was Donegal’s saddest moment? The deaths off the O’Donnell family and their babysitter in the fire tragedy in 1986 in ard o’Donnell. I will never forget that day.What is your favourite Donegal-made product?It has to be homemade scones from my own chefs in the quiet moment.Who is Donegal’s greatest ambassador around the world and why? I’m sure its Daniel o’Donnell he’s well up there anyway.Who is Donegal’s most successful businessperson in your opinion?Any business person that still has his business open in this recessionary climateWho is your favourite Donegal sportsperson of all time?Charlie Collins for his input and knowledge of all sports in donegal all over the years especially local gaa and soccerWhat is your favourite Donegal restaurant?Pats on the Square – a great family restaurant very well run and great food .Donegal’s golden eagles or basking sharks?Golden eagles.Your nomination for Donegal’s most stylish person?I would nominate Frankie monaghan for the best dressed man in donegal .What is your favourite Donegal saying or expression?Any craic?Will Donegal win the All Ireland this year?We’re looking good to go all the way time will tell.What is your favourite Donegal food?Four lanterns chicken dinner box tasty.Is  there anything that really annoys you about Donegal or its people?Our obsession with the weather.If you had a million euro to spend on improving something in Donegal, what would it be?I would connect main street with the new retail park with one main link.as promised by the council.MY DONEGAL……WITH ‘QUIET MOMENT’ OWNER BRENDAN MCGLYNN was last modified: August 2nd, 2012 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)last_img read more

Bizarre desertdwelling fish may have evolved just a couple hundred years ago

first_img Olin Feuerbacher/USDI Ash Meadows Fish Conservation Facility Country * Afghanistan Aland Islands Albania Algeria Andorra Angola Anguilla Antarctica Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bermuda Bhutan Bolivia, Plurinational State of Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana Bouvet Island Brazil British Indian Ocean Territory Brunei Darussalam Bulgaria Burkina Faso Burundi Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cape Verde Cayman Islands Central African Republic Chad Chile China Christmas Island Cocos (Keeling) Islands Colombia Comoros Congo Congo, the Democratic Republic of the Cook Islands Costa Rica Cote d’Ivoire Croatia Cuba Curaçao Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Djibouti Dominica Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Falkland Islands (Malvinas) Faroe Islands Fiji Finland France French Guiana French Polynesia French Southern Territories Gabon Gambia Georgia Germany Ghana Gibraltar Greece Greenland Grenada Guadeloupe Guatemala Guernsey Guinea Guinea-Bissau Guyana Haiti Heard Island and McDonald Islands Holy See (Vatican City State) Honduras Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran, Islamic Republic of Iraq Ireland Isle of Man Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Jersey Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Korea, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Republic of Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Lao People’s Democratic Republic Latvia Lebanon Lesotho Liberia Libyan Arab Jamahiriya Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Macao Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Martinique Mauritania Mauritius Mayotte Mexico Moldova, Republic of Monaco Mongolia Montenegro Montserrat Morocco Mozambique Myanmar Namibia Nauru Nepal Netherlands New Caledonia New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Nigeria Niue Norfolk Island Norway Oman Pakistan Palestine Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Pitcairn Poland Portugal Qatar Reunion Romania Russian Federation Rwanda Saint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Lucia Saint Martin (French part) Saint Pierre and Miquelon Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa San Marino Sao Tome and Principe Saudi Arabia Senegal Serbia Seychelles Sierra Leone Singapore Sint Maarten (Dutch part) Slovakia Slovenia Solomon Islands Somalia South Africa South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands South Sudan Spain Sri Lanka Sudan Suriname Svalbard and Jan Mayen Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syrian Arab Republic Taiwan Tajikistan Tanzania, United Republic of Thailand Timor-Leste Togo Tokelau Tonga Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Turks and Caicos Islands Tuvalu Uganda Ukraine United Arab Emirates United Kingdom United States Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of Vietnam Virgin Islands, British Wallis and Futuna Western Sahara Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe Sign up for our daily newsletter Get more great content like this delivered right to you! Country Email The middle of the Nevada desert seems an unlikely spot to find a fish. But an underground fissure in scorching-hot Death Valley is the only natural habitat for the endangered Devils Hole pupfish, a silvery blue creature about the size of a pet goldfish.The water inside Devils Hole is consistently a toasty 32°C, hot enough to kill most other fish. For 2 months of the year, the cavern—which opens into a deep subterranean lake—receives no direct sunlight. And yet scientists believe a small population of pupfish has lived there for 10,000 to 20,000 years, hardy survivors from the days when Death Valley was a fertile oasis.Now, evidence is growing that these fish might be far younger than previously assumed: A new study suggests that the Devils Hole pupfish actually colonized its watery cavern somewhere between 105 and 830 years ago, making scientists rethink how it got there in the first place. The findings build upon those of several smaller studies also suggesting a more recent emergence of the Devils Hole pupfish. “The agreement is striking. I would say there’s mounting evidence that they are younger than we originally envisioned,” says Craig Stockwell, a biologist at North Dakota State University in Fargo who published a similar but smaller genetic analysis in 2014.“One of the major questions we’ve had about this species for years is how this species originally made it into Devils Hole,” says Sean Lema, a biologist at California Polytechnic State University in San Luis Obispo, who was not involved in the project. “To date, this is really the best attempt to figure out from the genetic evidence, the divergence of this [species].”Despite its suspected youth, the Devils Hole pupfish has developed some unique features. It’s smaller and less aggressive than its kin. It has larger eyes and darker scales, and it lacks the pelvic fins found on every other desert-dwelling pupfish. If Martin’s analysis is correct, the fish has evolved these traits all within the last thousand years or less—remarkably quickly on an evolutionary timescale.“I think what’s driving the uniqueness of the Devils Hole pupfish is the uniqueness of the Devils Hole habitat,” Martin says. “It’s one of the most extreme fish habitats I’ve ever seen in nature.” The fish spawn only on a submerged shelf that’s just a few meters on each side, the smallest natural habitat of any vertebrate. Food is scarce in the dark cavern. Such a challenging environment could put extra pressure on the pupfish to change more quickly, although it’s unclear how all of the adaptations are beneficial.Martin emphasizes that the findings are preliminary, and that further studies are necessary to untangle the evolutionary history of the Death Valley pupfish. For instance, it’s still unclear how pupfish colonized Devils Hole in the first place if floods didn’t wash them in. Martin suggests human intervention could have played a role—Native Americans in the area ate pupfish and might have moved some of them between springs. Birds, too, could have inadvertently transferred fish eggs from one pool to another.It’s unclear what the future holds for the Devils Hole pupfish—its already small numbers have dipped in recent years, and scientists aren’t sure why. But for now, it’s still holding on. “When I look at this habitat,” says Martin, “I’m amazed.” Devils Hole pupfish within Devils Hole in southern Nevada. Click to view the privacy policy. Required fields are indicated by an asterisk (*) “Our new estimate of the younger age in a way makes this species even more fascinating because it has so many of these unique traits relative to other pupfish,” says Christopher Martin, a biologist at the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, who led the study.Pupfish first arrived in Death Valley during a wet period, probably when water joined the area to lakes or rivers elsewhere. But as the water dried up and the area turned to desert, the pupfish became isolated in a smattering of springs. Like Darwin’s finches, pupfish in different pools have evolved different traits and become distinct species over the years. They’ve mixed with each other only occasionally, when floods temporarily join isolated pools.Devils Hole is especially isolated, and the pupfish population there is particularly small, ranging from 35 to 548 fish in the remote cavern since official recordkeeping began in the 1970s. Their survival has been heralded as an evolutionary anomaly, as such populations usually become severely inbred and die out. “All we know about conservation genetics suggests that these populations of very small size should not be able to survive in the long term,” Martin says.But the long estimate for the Devils Hole pupfish’s survival (and by extension, that of their relatives throughout Death Valley) was based on when events like floods could have brought them there, not their evolutionary history. Martin and his colleagues turned to genetics instead.To figure out just when the Devils Hole pupfish diverged from its kin, the researchers sequenced 13,000 different stretches of DNA from 56 pupfish from around Death Valley and the world. Those data allowed them to reconstruct the area’s pupfish family tree and calculate when the different species emerged.Although scientists previously believed the first pupfish species came to Death Valley several million years ago, these analyses suggest they arrived around the time of the valley’s most recent flood, just 10,000 years ago. The analysis also suggests the Devils Hole pupfish became isolated from other pupfish in Death Valley fewer than a thousand years ago, much more recently than expected—long after floods could have carried them into their remote cavern, the team reports online today in the Proceedings of the Royal Society B.last_img read more