Cells Find Signal in the Noise

first_imgParents at an amusement park know the challenge of picking out their child’s voice, or even hearing their own hollering, in the noise of the crowd.  Yelling won’t help much if the rest of the crowd is yelling also.  Acoustic engineers know that raising the volume while playing back a noisy tape amplifies the noise as well as the signal.  Cells have a novel way of meeting this challenge, as two Japanese mathematical biologists discuss in PNAS.1  Cells are continuously sending and receiving chemical messages, a process called signal transduction.  Treating the cell signal transduction network like a physical system of receivers and amplifiers, the researchers noted that a cell, like an amusement park, is an intrinsically noisy place, yet some of the reactions are very sensitive.  “How cells respond properly to noisy signals by using noisy molecular networks is an important problem in elucidating the underlying ‘design principle’ of cellular systems,” they say in the introduction.  How do the sensitive reactions get their messages through all that noise? Because intracellular processes are inherently noisy, stochastic reactions process noisy signals in cellular signal transduction.  One essential feature of biological signal transduction systems is the amplification of small changes in input signals.  However, small random changes in the input signals could also be amplified, and the transduction reaction can also generate noise.  Here, we show theoretically how the abrupt response of ultrasensitive signal-transduction reactions results in the generation of large inherent noise and the high amplification of input noise.  The inherently generated noise propagates with amplification through intracellular molecular network.  We discuss how the contribution of such transmitted noise can be shown experimentally.  Our results imply that the switch-like behavior of signal transduction could be limited by noise; however, high amplification reaction could be advantageous to generate large noise, which would be essential to maintain behavioral variability.They categorized the noise as intrinsic, coming from the reaction itself, to extrinsic, coming from other reactions.  This is somewhat like hearing your own voice vs. the yelling of those around you.  The intrinsic noise has higher frequency than the extrinsic noise.  As one source of noise becomes dominant, it reaches a crossover point where the other source is less dominant.  This provides a kind of signal, or switch, which the cell can use to advantage:From our result, it can be further suggested that if the extrinsic noise dominates, the upstream reactions affect the fluctuation of the most downstream reaction, which determines the cellular behavior.  As a result, the behavioral fluctuations are made up of the contributions of the fluctuations of several upstream reactions.  On the other hand, if the intrinsic noise dominates, only the intrinsic noise of the most downstream reaction determines the behavioral fluctuations.  As a result, the behavior could be simpler than the case in which extrinsic noise is dominant….    ….Consequently, the low-frequency modulations in the downstream reactions can be affected by the behaviors of upstream reactions, whereas the high-frequency modulations are expected to be independent of upstream reactions.As a result, a bacterium can respond to chemicals in the environment, the hemoglobin in your blood can respond to changing conditions in the capillaries, genes can respond correctly to requests for expression, and complex cascades of cellular reactions can respond to the signal from any reaction in the series, in the midst of all the noise.  “Therefore,” they conclude, “the result implies that the extrinsic noise is essential to maintain the behavioral variability in wild-type bacteria.”  Their experiments related to three relatively simple reactions, and their analysis considered primarily linear response.  Many cellular reactions involve nonlinear behavior.  “In these cases,” they admit, “the relation between the response and the fluctuations can be more complicated than the relations we studied.”  The authors made no attempt to explain how these capabilities evolved.1Tatsuo Shibata and Koichi Fujimoto, “Noisy signal amplification in ultrasensitive signal transduction,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 10.1073/pnas.0403350102, published online before print December 29, 2004.Evolutionists accuse the intelligent design movement of never publishing anything, and then cry foul when they do (see 09/08/2004 and 12/28/2004 headlines).  Actually, there are thousands of ID papers, and they are published regularly, not in obscure outlets, but in the major, high-impact journals.  They may not mention the buzzword “intelligent design” explicitly, but they do everything the ID movement advocates: explore the design of a phenomenon as if it has a purpose, follow the evidence where it leads, and leave the philosophical or religious implications to the reader.  We regularly highlight such articles right here (see 11/10/2004, 10/27/2004, 10/27/2004, and 09/22/2004 headlines for a few recent examples).  Notice how these authors used the phrase “design principle” but had no use for the evolutionary hypothesis.  Very few papers try to explain in any detail how a complex feature evolved.  Most, if they mention evolution at all, merely assume it in passing, as if fulfilling the obligatory pinch of incense to Father Charlie (see 11/18/2004 and 11/04/2004 and 10/01/2004 recent examples).  If the criteria were rearranged with these considerations in mind, the ID movement could claim the vast majority of scientific papers as their own, and the Darwin Party would be left with a handful of just-so stories.  Demand a recount.(Visited 9 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0last_img read more

Ethiopian 787 fire – latest update

first_imgInvestigators from the United Kingdom’s Air Accidents Investigation Branch have ruled out the 787’s battery as the source of the fire that damaged an Ethiopian 787 at Heathrow Airport on Friday.Attention is now focused on the plane’s galley and questions are being raised as to whether a galley oven or coffee machine was left on or if cleaners and maintenance staff may have left a smoldering cigarette on board.The 787, while powered down, was plugged into a ground power unit but it is unclear if the power was switched on.The AAIB said that “at approximately 1550 hrs UTC on 12 July 2013 a Boeing 787-8 of Ethiopian Airlines, registration ET-AOP, suffered an event at London Heathrow whilst the aircraft was parked on stand, with no persons on board.”The investigation team which includes representatives from all interested parties has initiated the technical investigation into the event.The 787 is currently located in a hangar at London Heathrow.The AAIB reports that “there has been extensive heat damage in the upper portion of the rear fuselage, a complex part of the aircraft, and the initial investigation is likely to take several days. However, it is clear that this heat damage is remote from the area in which the aircraft main and APU (Auxiliary Power Unit) batteries are located.”Paul Hayes, director of air safety at Ascend, a British aviation consulting firm told the Wall Street Journal that one plane is lost on the ground to an electrical fire every five years.Mr. Hayes said that several incidents were suspected to have started after a cleaner or ground worker furtively smoked on a parked plane and then failed to fully extinguish the cigarette.In a statement Boeing said: “We’re aware of the 787 event at Heathrow Airport and have Boeing personnel there. We’re working to fully understand and address this.”Boeing has delivered 66 787s and has orders for 930 planes.The 787 is crammed with innovations including more electric systems rather than the traditional pneumatic systems that do not rely on bleed air from the engines.The 787 has in all six electrical power generators and these provide power to the plane’s electrical systems in flight, including the flight deck displays, flight controls and in-flight entertainment. The system is more efficient because it reduces the drag on the engines.However, New York based Bernstein Research, one of the industry’s foremost analysts, says that the fire damage appears to be near the vertical stabilizer, on the left side of the top of the 787 and as such should have very little connection to electrical systems.While it is unclear what the cause of the fire is Bernstein says that it believes that there is no connection between the fire and the battery issues of the past.“Because it appears that the 787 fire is not related to the battery, we believe it is likely that this is a one-off problem that certainly must be addressed, but does not pose a risk to the overall program,” said Bernsteinlast_img read more

Taxman gives waiters a break

first_img11 August 2011Waitrons can keep their hard-earned tips for themselves and don’t have to worry about the taxman, the South African Revenue Service (Sars) has confirmed.Confusion had arisen over whether tips kept by employees were taxable.This has been dispelled by a ruling made by Sars last week, according to which the transfer of tips handed over to an employer by an employee for “safekeeping” does not constitute a payment of remuneration.“The Binding Class Ruling recently issued by Sars declared that the transfer of tips (handed over to the employer by the employees for safekeeping in terms of the employer’s proposed Group Tips Policy) from the employer’s bank accounts into the employees’ bank accounts does not constitute a payment of remuneration by the employer,” Gillian Lumb, an employment law director at law firm Cliffe Dekker Hofmeyr, said this week.“Binding class rulings are intended to promote clarity on the interpretation and application of the tax laws to a class of persons who apply for a ruling in respect of a proposed transaction to which it is a party.”An employment associate at the firm, Pranisha Maharaj, said the ruling was valid for five years as of August 2010.She said the proposed Group Tips Policy sought to address the security risk of having employees take receipt of tips during their working hours.“In terms of the policy, tips are seen as gratuitous payments to which the employees have no entitlement or an expectation of receipt as a part of the performance of their duties,” Maharaj said.Sapalast_img read more

Thusong Service Week: taking public services to South Africans

first_img14 September 2015South Africa launched Thusong Service Week yesterday, to run from Monday to Friday, 14 to 18 September, this year.It is a week of heightened communication on the achievements of the Thusong Service Programme and forms part of Public Service Month, a Batho Pele revitalisation strategy to encourage good ethics, morale and pride among public servants.The main hubs of the campaign are the numerous Thusong Service Centres, where information about government services – and access to those services – is made available to peri-urban and rural communities. Previously known as multi- purpose community centres, they were set up in 1999 as a primary vehicle for the implementation of development communication and information, integrating government services into primarily rural communities.There are 185 Thusong Service Centres in 107 local municipalities countrywide. From these, an additional 114 integrated mobile facilities take government services to more rural areas. Here, South Africans can access government services such as grants, personal documents and housing applications, as well as adult basic education and training, and advice for small business development.They can also make use of free office services such as phone, fax, scan, copy, print and post.Now in its 16th year, the programme continues to build access not only to government information and services, but it also offers a place where people can get access to opportunities offered by other civil society groups, including businesses, NGOs and parastatals. It addresses historical, social and economic factors which limited access to information, services and participation by citizens who previously had to travel long distances to access these services.Ethics and moraleThusong Service Week would encourage public servants to deliver high quality services in support of government priorities, as well as to commit themselves to improve the way they work to deliver them, said the acting director-general in the Government Communication and Information System (GCIS), Donald Liphoko. He was speaking at the launch in Dududu in KwaZulu-Natal this past weekend.“The Thusong Service Centre Programme is one of the first unique initiatives implemented by (the) government which integrates services across the three spheres (national, provincial and local government).”Liphoko said while there was a concern about the culture of public servants not doing what they were hired to do, of public servants becoming too arrogant to serve the public, “it is imperative to remind the public servants that they have the role to play in ensuring that citizens gets the service that they deserve”.The week had been set aside to inform citizens about the services, information and opportunities available, and to encourage public servants to deliver high quality services in support of government priorities, recommitting themselves towards improving the way they worked to deliver them, Liphoko explained.Public-private partnershipsPublic and private partnerships were key to bring service delivery to residents, he said, adding that “over the past seven years, we have progressively increased the number of public-private partnerships covering a wide range of sectors”. This was in line with the call by President Jacob Zuma in his State of the Nation address earlier this year for more private enterprise partnerships with public services that ensured equal privileges for all South Africans.“Public and private partnership is key to bringing service delivery to the people in this country. Over the past seven years, we have progressively increased the number of public-private partnerships covering a wide range of sectors.”Through the Thusong Service Centres, approximately five million people gained access to services from the government, parastatals and community-based organisations each year, Liphoko said.“These centres help in promoting service delivery programmes, transfer of skills, employment creation and providing information on business opportunities for those who are interested in starting their own business.”SAinfo reporterlast_img read more

Ohio State Fair 2018 Outstanding Market Exhibitors

first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest Tiffany Sunday, 16, from Pickaway County was the first place Outstanding Market Goat Exhibitor. The other Goat Outstanding Market Exhibitors were: Gabrielle McDade, Butler Co., 9; Briley Ashcraft, Athens Co., 10; Wyatt Borer, Fulton Co., 11; Jaden Snyder, Clinton Co., 9; Molly Barber, Franklin Co., 13; Adam Bensman, Miami Co., 14; Trenton Prasuhn, Darke Co., 15; Talen Coriell, Scioto Co., 17; and Shelby Williams, Clinton Co., 18. Seth Abel, Licking Co., 17, was the first place Outstanding Market Poultry Exhibitor. Johnathan Woodward, Coshocton Co., 12, was second and Hayden Johnson, Jefferson Co., 15, was third. The other Poultry Outstanding Market Exhibitors were: Carter Henderson, Logan Co., 9; Alexandra Kinney, Logan Co., 10; Isabel Henderson, Logan Co., 11; Erika Grum, Licking Co., 13, Carmen Corcoran, Ross Co., 14; Malia Jones, Licking Co., 16; and Zac Ortman, Perry Co., 18. Ian Johnson, 15, Union Co., was the first place Outstanding Market Lamb Exhibitor. Seth Wasilewski, Richland Co., 17, was second and Morgan Evans, Union Co., 12 was third. The other Lamb Outstanding Market Exhibitors were: Delaney Dudte, Wayne Co., 9; Jada Shroyer, Logan Co., 10; Nick Johnson, Union Co., 11; Bailee Amstutz, Union Co., 13; Hanna Delong, Champaign Co., 14; Tiffany Sunday, Pickaway Co., 16; and Taylor Muhlenkamp, Mercer Co., 18. Kayla Scott, Tuscarawas Co., 16, was the first place Outstanding Market Barrow Exhibitor. Micah Smock, Shelby Co., 18, was second and Gracee Stewart, Clinton Co., 14, was third. The other Barrow Outstanding Market Exhibitors were: Wade Smith, Clinton Co., 9; Blake Vollrath, Clark Co., 10; Maddie Caldwell, Highland Co., 11; Grayden Sproull, Harrison Co., 12; John Smock, Shelby Co., 13; Lindsey Dore, Delaware Co., 15; and Jenna Siegel, Marion Co., 17. Lance Brinksneader, Darke Co., 9, was the first place Outstanding Market Beef Exhibitor. Carly Sanders, Highland Co., 10, was second and Lori Millenbaugh, Crawford Co., 17, was third. The other Beef Outstanding Market Exhibitors were: Taylor Poff, Geauga Co., 11; Harrison Blay, Portage Co., 13; Dawson Osborn, Highland, 14; Case Barton, Holmes Co., 15; Allison Davis, Carroll Co., 16; and Erica Snook, Noble Co., 18.last_img read more

Commercial storage considerations

first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest By Jon Scheve, Superior Feed Ingredients, LLCOn Monday the USDA will release the stocks report and tell us how much grain is still in the bins. In 7 of the last 14 years the stocks for corn were higher than estimates. The good news is that it has only happened 1 out of the last 4 years. The problem is that when the stocks are higher for corn than the estimates they tend to be pretty far off. When the stocks report is smaller than estimates the difference is usually quite small.The bean stocks report has been erratic and hard to predict. However, with the already large carryout any change up or down is probably not as important as what the yields start to look like as harvest begins this upcoming week.There is snow in Montana and it could work its way east. There are forecasts for cool weather working into the Dakota’s and western Minnesota over the next several days. Farmers in these areas were hoping that it would not freeze until nearly Oct. 1. So, it seems as though most of the corn and beans in these areas will make it to maturity. Should I pay commercial storage?Last week I discussed which crop farmers should store at home, if they don’t have 100% on-farm storage. The next storage questions I’m frequently asked are…. What do I do with my grain in a commercial facility? Do I sell across the scale or pay storage?There are three factors to consider:How much does the commercial facility charge to store grain at harvest?What is the current basis level and how much higher could it go at that facility?How much is the interest on the grain stored at the facility? Why aren’t futures prices on the list?Many farmers choose to store unpriced grain commercially because they think prices will go higher later and they want to sell at higher values. However, in reality futures values don’t matter when deciding if someone should pay for commercial storage. If the farmer doesn’t like the current futures prices, they can buy the futures back in a hedge/brokerage account when they sell the cash grain in the commercial storage facility. Their risk exposure is basically the same as having unpriced grain in storage.(Note, there are many different ways to re-own grain. The purpose of this newsletter is not to discuss those strategies but instead look at the decision of paying commercial storage or not.) How much does the facility charge?Storage costs are probably the most important part of the decision to store commercially. As harvest beings some end users have minimum charges while others have dumping charges included with storage fees for a specific amount of time. While costs vary, I’ve found typically storage fees average 5 cents per bushel per month for corn and beans. Why basis mattersThe difference between basis levels at harvest and where they will likely go is the second most important part of the storage decision. Historically basis values increase 30 to 40 cents on average from harvest to the following spring or summer for both corn and beans. The following shows basis levels near my farm for both crops.  Generally speaking, what I have found is that corn basis values increase 4 to 5 cents per month from harvest to late spring or summer, which is slightly less than paying the average monthly storage cost at a commercial facility. Bean basis values increase slower with the higher basis value being seen in late summer. This means that usually beans will only increase 3 to 4 cents per month on average. Loan interest also needs to be consideredLeaving grain in storage means farmers won’t get paid for the grain while waiting for higher prices and their operating note will continue to collect interest. This monthly cost is figured by multiplying the grain’s cash value and operating note interest rate and dividing by 12 months. If cash corn is $3.50 and my operating note is 5.5% interest, it costs 1.6 cents per month to store the corn. If cash beans are $8.25 and my operating note is 5.5% interest, it costs 3.75 cents per month to store the beans. Why I don’t think storing grain commercially is a wise decisionOn average storing unpriced corn costs about 6.6 cents per month. While storing beans commercially is likely to be closer to 8.75 cents per month.  If we assume average monthly basis value increase of 4 to 5 cents for corn and 3 to 4 cents for beans, paying to store grain at a commercial facility doesn’t make financial sense.If farmers have unpriced grain at harvest and can’t store it on the farm, the better solution would seem to be sell the grain at harvest and consider some type of a re-ownership plan to participate in a futures rally. Please email jon@superiorfeed.com with any questions or to learn more. Jon grew up raising corn and soybeans on a farm near Beatrice, NE. Upon graduation from The University of Nebraska in Lincoln, he became a grain merchandiser and has been trading corn, soybeans and other grains for the last 18 years, building relationships with end-users in the process. After successfully marketing his father’s grain and getting his MBA, 10 years ago he started helping farmer clients market their grain based upon his principals of farmer education, reducing risk, understanding storage potential and using basis strategy to maximize individual farm operation profits. A big believer in farmer education of futures trading, Jon writes a weekly commentary to farmers interested in learning more and growing their farm operations.Trading of futures, options, swaps and other derivatives is risky and is not suitable for all persons. All of these investment products are leveraged, and you can lose more than your initial deposit. Each investment product is offered only to and from jurisdictions where solicitation and sale are lawful, and in accordance with applicable laws and regulations in such jurisdiction. The information provided here should not be relied upon as a substitute for independent research before making your investment decisions. Superior Feed Ingredients, LLC is merely providing this information for your general information and the information does not take into account any particular individual’s investment objectives, financial situation, or needs. All investors should obtain advice based on their unique situation before making any investment decision. The contents of this communication and any attachments are for informational purposes only and under no circumstances should they be construed as an offer to buy or sell, or a solicitation to buy or sell any future, option, swap or other derivative. The sources for the information and any opinions in this communication are believed to be reliable, but Superior Feed Ingredients, LLC does not warrant or guarantee the accuracy of such information or opinions. Superior Feed Ingredients, LLC and its principals and employees may take positions different from any positions described in this communication. Past results are not necessarily indicative of future results.last_img read more

Google Wave Will Slowly Open Its Doors to Google Apps Users This Fall

first_imgA Web Developer’s New Best Friend is the AI Wai… Tags:#Google#news#web Top Reasons to Go With Managed WordPress Hosting Related Posts Why Tech Companies Need Simpler Terms of Servic…center_img Google just announced that it will open up Google Wave to a large number of Google Apps users this fall. According to the announcement, Google will first open up access for some schools and businesses and plans to bring Wave to all Google Apps users next year. Google Apps administrators can now sign up for Google Wave accounts here. Google had already announced that it would hand out about 100,000 Wave accounts on September 30th and this looks to be the first step towards this.Opening up Wave first to businesses and schools seems like a smart way to open up Wave to a larger number of users, especially given that the application’s features are already geared towards these users. Wave is an extremely flexible communications environment and should work well for anybody who needs to collaborate on documents or just wants to keep notes and share them with colleagues or fellow classmates. If you haven’t seen Wave in action yet, have a look at this video of the first public demo of Wave.Wave Today: Stable, Faster, Ready for the Masses Since we got our first hands-on look at Google Wave in June, the platform has matured nicely. While some early reviews panned it as buggy and slow, today’s version of Google Wave is very stable and fast. As Google puts it, “A wave is equal parts conversation and document, where individuals communicate and work together in a multimedia environment – the wave itself.” Users can, for example, write documents, but also insert maps, photos, web feeds, and widgets. Most of the usage we have seen so far has been more akin to a well-structured chat room, but once a more mainstream audience gets its hands on Wave, we will likely see a wider range of usage scenarios.Google Wave has also managed to attract a large number of third-party developers by now who have programmed a wide range of new robots for Wave. These range from the weird, like a robot that translates every wave into Swedish Chef speak, to more useful features like URL shorteners and an anti-spam application. frederic lardinois 8 Best WordPress Hosting Solutions on the Marketlast_img read more

Violence in Surat after Patidar leader’s arrest

first_imgViolence erupted in Gujarat’s Surat after the arrest of Patidar Anamat Andolan Samiti (PAAS) leader Alpesh Kathiria in a 2016 sedition case. Mr. Kathiria was arrested in connection with a two-year old case on the day when police also arrested the quota agitation leader Hardik Patel in Ahmedabad. Mr. Patel was later released on bail late night. However, as soon as the news of Mr. Kathiria’s arrest became public, hundreds of Patidar youth came out on streets in Surat’s Patidar-dominated Varachha area where mobs torched several buses and also a bus station. Police have been deployed in large numbers in the Patidar-dominated pockets of Surat.Mr. Patel alleged that some “anti-social elements” are resorting to violence to defame the Patidar quota agitation. He appealed for peace and stressed that the Patidar community’s agitation for quota will continue peacefully.last_img read more

Warriors’ new NBA Finals road goes to Canada

first_imgGolden State Warriors guard Stephen Curry smiles during practice for the NBA Finals against the Toronto Raptors in Toronto, Wednesday, May 29, 2019. Game 1 of the NBA Finals is Thursday in Toronto. (Nathan Denette/The Canadian Press via AP)TORONTO — Dynasty versus dinosaurs.The Golden State Warriors’ road to a fifth straight NBA Finals has detoured to a new destination — and this one requires a passport.ADVERTISEMENT The Toronto Raptors, a team that arrived in the NBA 24 years ago as the dinosaur-logoed basketball franchise in a hockey-loving country, have finally made it to the championship round and will host Game 1 on Thursday night.It’s the first time the finals will be played outside the U.S., a refreshing change after a record four straight seasons of the same matchup.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSPalace wants Cayetano’s PHISGOC Foundation probed over corruption chargesSPORTSSingapore latest to raise issue on SEA Games food, logistics“Different for us obviously, having been in Cleveland four straight years, but this is more the rule. That was the exception,” Warriors coach Steve Kerr said. “You’re not supposed to go to the finals four straight years and you’re definitely not, if you’re lucky enough to do that, you’re not supposed to play the same team four straight years.“This is more what the finals normally feel like, where you’re going against a team you frankly don’t know that well and that you haven’t seen that often over the previous few years.” Cayetano: Senate, Drilon to be blamed for SEA Games mess Stephen Curry lived in Toronto when his father Dell played for the Raptors at the end of his career, but otherwise it’s a new feeling even for these Warriors, who are one of the most championship-experienced teams in NBA history.They joined the Boston Celtics from 1957-66 as the only teams to reach five straight NBA Finals, and are trying to become the first team to win three consecutive titles since the Los Angeles Lakers of 2000-02.Besides facing a different opponent for the first time during their run, the Warriors won’t have the luxury of starting the series at home for the first time. They also won’t have Kevin Durant for at least one more game, though none of that rattles a team that has played in 22 finals games in the last four years.“We have been here before,” Curry said. “We understand the hoopla and the pandemonium around the finals and how different things are when it comes to just the schedule and the vibe. So we have seen a lot and we’ll be ready for it.”The Raptors are new to this stage, but their players aren’t. Kawhi Leonard was MVP of the 2014 NBA Finals, when he and Danny Green won a title with San Antonio. Serge Ibaka made it to the finals with Oklahoma City in 2012, and even players such as Kyle Lowry and Marc Gasol have played in Olympic finals.ADVERTISEMENT “Every possession from the jump ball,” he said, “competing, communicating, solving issues as we face them. Do not overreact to whatever.”ROOKIE RUNSKerr won a championship four years ago in his first season as an NBA head coach and now Nick Nurse can do the same. He was promoted last year after the Raptors fired Dwane Casey, and earlier in his career had been a head coach in both the NBA Development League and the British Basketball League.THREE-PEAT FOR NO. 3?Another title would be the Warriors’ seventh and move them into third place in NBA history behind only the Celtics (17) and Lakers (16).100 PERCENTCurry, already the career leading in NBA Finals 3-pointers, needs two more to reach the century mark.Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next LATEST STORIES ‘Rebel attack’ no cause for concern-PNP, AFP PDEA chief backs Robredo in revealing ‘discoveries’ on drug war Kevin Durant out with Achilles injury; to undergo MRI on Tuesday PLAY LIST 03:12Kevin Durant out with Achilles injury; to undergo MRI on Tuesday01:43Who are Filipinos rooting for in the NBA Finals?02:25Raptors or Warriors? PBA players take their pick of NBA champ02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games02:11Trump awards medals to Jon Voight, Alison Krauss View comments Ethel Booba twits Mocha over 2 toilets in one cubicle at SEA Games venue MOST READ Warriors’ plan for stopping Kawhi Leonard: Throw the whole kitchen at him Private companies step in to help SEA Games hosting Catholic schools seek legislated pay hike, too Two-day strike in Bicol fails to cripple transport DA eyes importing ‘galunggong’ anew Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. “It’s just the same basketball game,” Leonard said. “It’s 5-on-5. It’s still two hoops. So you just go out there and play hard and live with the results.”The Raptors had already moved away from their purple uniforms with the red dinosaur, and their reputation as a loser is extinct, too. They have won 50 games in four straight seasons and have the best record in the East over the last seven, but couldn’t get over the hump until this year, thanks largely to the acquisition of Leonard last summer.He hit the winning shot in Game 7 of the second round and then led Toronto’s charge back from a 2-0 deficit against Milwaukee in the conference finals to win four straight against the team with the NBA’s best record.They made history just by bringing the finals to Canada and the doorstep of their rowdy fans in Jurassic Park . But Lowry has more in mind.“For me it’s all about winning, and when you get to the point where you make it to the NBA Finals, you won but you still got more to do,” he said. “So getting here doesn’t do anything but getting here. We still want to try to win this.”Some other things to know abou the NBA Finals:WOUNDED WARRIORSDeMarcus Cousins (torn left quadriceps) may be ready to return but it could be a little longer for Durant (strained right calf). Kerr said the two-time NBA Finals MVP, already ruled out for Game 1, hasn’t practiced and would have to do so before returning.STRONG STARTERSGolden State has won 12 straight Game 1s, including all four in the NBA Finals since 2015, and Gasol was asked for Toronto’s key to getting the series off to a good start.last_img read more